old testament covenants Exodus - Deuteronomy test

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Terms in this set (...)

Pentateuch
first 5 books of the Bible
Septuagint
Greek translation of the Bible
Torah
Hebrew bible
Moses
main character of most of the Pentateuch, led the Israelites to the Promise Land
Aaron
Moses' brother
Miriam
Moses' sister who put him in the Nile
Jethro
who Moses lives with when he flees Egypt
Levites
The only tribe that stood with Moses and God when he was up the mountain receiving the 10 Commandments
Zipporah
Moses' wife who saved their son by circumcising him
Shema
creed written for Jews
Mezuzah
the parchment on which the Shemah was written on
phylactery
box worn by Jewish men containing scripture
Mount Sinai
The mountain Moses went up for 40 days and nights and received the 10 Commandments
Joshua and Caleb
The only 2 that got to go into the Promise Land because they believed that they could defeat the Canaanites with the help of God
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
State the first five books in order
Moses was put in the Nile and picked up by the pharaoh's daughter
Explain how Moses ended up being raised in Pharaoh's house.
he feared them becoming powerful and overthrowing him
Why was Pharaoh killing the baby Israelite boys?
he thought they would marry Egyptian men
Why did Pharaoh not kill the baby girls?
He saw an Egyptian beating an Israelite
Why did Moses rebel against the Egyptians while living among them?
Midian
Where does Moses flee to?
He marries Jethro's daughter, Zipporah
What does Moses receive from Jethro?
The God of Abraham, Jacob, and Isaac
How does God identify himself to Moses when he FIRST encounters Him at the burning bush?
YAWEH (I am who I am)
What was the name God told Moses to tell the people for Himself?
He sends the plagues
What does God do in order to convince the Pharaoh to let the Israelites go and worship him?
Water to Blood
1st plague
Frogs
2nd plague
gnats
3rd plague
flies
4th plague
livestock sick
5th plague
boils
6th plague
fire and ice
7th plague
locusts
8th plague
darkness
9th plague
firstborn son dies
10th plague
You shall not have any gods before me
1st commandment
you shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain
2nd commandment
Keep the Sabbath day holy
3rd commandment
Honor your father and mother
4th commandment
You shall not kill
5th commandment
You shall not commit adultery
6th commandment
You shall not steal
7th commandment
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor
8th commandment
You shall not covet your neighbor's wife
9th commandment
You shall not covet your neighbor's goods
10th commandment
That the Egyptian gods have no power
What do each of the 10 plagues represent?
with a pillar of fire at night and clouds during the day
How does God lead the Israelites during their wanderings?
Manna and quail
Once the Israelites are in the desert what do they eat?1
He gives them water from a rock
How does God quench the thirst of the Israelites
to be a kingdom of priests and a holy nation
What is Gods main plan and purpose for the Israelites?
the Ten Commandments
What is the sign of the Mosaic covenant?
40 days and 40 nights
how long was Moses up on Mount Sinai?
he died
What did the Israelites think happened to Moses when he went up Mt Sinai?
the manna, Aaron's staff, the Ten Commandments, and God
What and Who is contained in the Ark of the Covanent?
they stand with Moses when he comes down Mt. Sinai
How does the tribe of Levi prove they are worthy to be priests of Israel?
Leviticus
Which book functions as the Israelites worship guide?
to sacrifice things venerated by the pagans and eat things that are deemed unclean
Why does God have the Israelites sacrifice the types of animals that He does?
The crucifixion
What event best explains the meaning of all of the sacrifices in the Old Testament?
It is a worship guide
How is Leviticus different from the other books of the Bible? In other words, what is Leviticus?
becoming holy
what is the theme of Leviticus?
through worshipping God
According to Leviticus, how is holiness attained?
it is the final sacrifice and for all people
How does Jesus' sacrifice differ from all of the sacrifices that took place in the Old Testament?
The Israelites have to spend 40 years in the desert
What is the number forty symbolic of? How does this relate to the time the Israelites spend in the desert?
they did not believe that God could conquer the Canaanites
Why did the Israelites spend forty years in the desert?
he did not believe that God would conquer the Canaanites
Why was Moses not allowed to enter the Promise Land?
second law
What does Deuteronomy mean?
obeying leads to blessing and disobeying leads to cursing
What leads to a person being blessed and what leads to a person being cursed according to the teachings in Deuteronomy?
its a census of the people that made it out of Egypt
why is Numbers called Numbers?
giving 3 sermons
what is Moses doing in Deuteronomy?
1) specific things to follow 2) only certain people (ordained priests) can do it 3) purity 4) attain holiness
4 teachings in Leviticus that relate to the teachings of the Catholic church