us history constitution unit
constitution unit 11/2012
Terms in this set (33)
rule by the people
sepration of powers
theory in witch government power divided equally among three branches, executive, legislative, and judicial
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
The constitutional provision that makes the Constitution and federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws.
a vote that blocks a decision
To formally charge a public official with misconduct in office
the part of the Constitution that permits Congress to make any laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its powers
a warrant granting release from punishment for an offense
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
the power of the supreme court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
the idea that certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect the natural rights of citizens
powers shared by both the federal and state governmets
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
Congress canrule against the presidents veto
Amendments can be proposed by: 1) Congress by a 2/3 vote by each house and then ratified by 3/4 of the states Legislatures/Conventions, 2) National Convention at a request of 2/3 of state legislatures and then ratified by 3/4 of the states Legislatures/Conventions.
the highest federal court in the United States
a group selected by the states to elect the president and the vice-president, in which each state's number of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress
As chief executive-runs govt programs
chief of state-ceremonial head of govt
chief diplomat-conducts relations with other nations
cheif legislator-propses laws to congress
commander in chief- head of armed forces
party chief-leads political party
judicial enforcer-carry out decisions of federal courts
qualifications of president
35 years old, natural born citizen, resided in the U.S. for 14 years
how a bill becomes a law
1. a representativeintroduces the bill in the house ----- 2.the bill is assigned to a house committee which studies the issue ----- 3. the house passes its version of the bill ----- 4.the house debates the bill on the floor ----- 5. the committee debates, amedns and approves the bill ----- 6. House members meet with senate members in conference to reach a compromise on a single form of the bill ----- 7. the house and senate both approve the conference version of the bill ----- 8. the bill goes to the president ----- 9. The president vetoes the bill 10. the bill returns to congress where 2/3 of each house votes to override the veto -----11. the bill is now a law
Qualifications for senate
1. At least 30 years old 2. resident from the state in which you are running 3. U.S. citizen for at least 9 years (6 year term)
Qualifications for house of representatives
at least 25, citizen for 7 years, live in the state from which he/she is elected
a legal principle that requires aurthorities to show reasons why a person should be held in custody and to provide a speedy trial
the branch of government that makes the laws.
the branch of government, headed by the president, that carries out the nation's laws and policies
the branch of government, including the federal court system, that interprets the nation's laws
Powers specifically given to Congress in the Constitution; including the power to collect taxes, coin money, regulate foreign and interstate commerce, and declare war.
marbury v madison
(1803) Marbury was a midnight appointee of the Adams administration and sued Madison for commission. Chief Justice Marshall said the law that gave the courts the power to rule over this issue was unconstitutional. established judicial review
traditions, precedent, and practice incorporated into our form of government that add to the Constitution's elasticity and its viability. Political parties, the president's cabinet, political action committees, and the federal bureaucracy are important examples.
powers that congress has that are not stated explicitly in the constitution
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