List the Major Divisions of the Brain (4)
Brainstem, Cerebellum, Diencephalon, Cerebrum
List the 3 Structures of the Brainstem
Medulla Oblongata, Pons, Midbrain
List the 2 Structures of the Diencephalon
Function of the Medulla Oblongata
Two-way conduction pathway between the spinal cord and higher brain centers; cardiac, respiratory, and vasomotor control center
Function of the Pons
Two-way conduction pathway between areas of the brain and other regions of the body; influences respiration
Function of the Midbrain
Two-way conduction pathway; relay for visual and auditory impulses
Function of the Hypothalamus
Regulation of body temperature, water balance, sleep-cycle control, appetite and sexual arousal
Function of the Thalamus
Sensory relay station from various body areas to cerebral cortex; emotions and alerting or arousal mechanisms
Function of the Cerebellum
Muscle coordination; maintenance of equilibrium and posture
Function of the Cerebrum
Sensory perception, emotions, willed movements, consciousness, and memory
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