27 terms

The United States Emerges as a World Power

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Spheres of influence
Regions of China where specific European countries had privileged access to Chinese ports and markets
John Hay
US Secretary of State who demanded equality in trade and commerce with China from Europe/open door policy
Boxer Rebellion
Members of the Chinese secret society the Righteous and Harmonious Fists killed foreign missionaries and besieged the foreign diplomats' district in Beijing in order to expel Western influence in China
Open door policy
Policy that argued for equal privileges among countries trading with China
Russo-Japanese War
Fighting between Japan and Russia after Japan attacked a Russian fleet in China
Gentlemen's Agreement
Agreement between the US and Japan in which the US promised to end White and Asian segregation in schools and the Japanese agreed to limit the amount of its citizens coming to the US
Great White Fleet
A new force of navy ships that President Roosevelt sent on a "goodwill cruise" around the world to display America's naval power
Foraker Act
Act that established a civil government in Puerto Rico, authorized the president of the US to appoint a governor and part of the Puerto Rican legislature, and let Puerto Rico fill in the rest of the legislature
Platt Amendment
Amendment that restricted the rights of newly independent Cubans and effectively brought the island into the US sphere, prevented Cuba from signing treaties with other Nations without US approval, required Cuba to lease naval stations to the US, and granted the US the right to intervene to preserve order in Cuba
Big Stick Diplomacy
Roosevelt's diplomacy policy that relied heavily on military power
Panama Canal
A passage from the Caribbean Ocean to the Pacific through Central America
Roosevelt Corollary
Latin American policy that updated the Monroe Doctrine for an age of expansionism and economic influence
Monroe Doctrine
Principle of US policy that any intervention of politics in the Americas by external powers is a potentially hostile act towards the US
Dollar diplomacy
William Howard Taft's diplomacy that focused on the use of the country's financial power to extend its international influence
Moral diplomacy
Woodrow Wilson's diplomacy that only gives support to countries whose moral beliefs matched up with the US. Worked to spread human rights, national integrity, and opportunity
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
Mexican rebel leader who had US support until his forces attacked the US
Righteous and Harmonious Fists
Chinese secret society who's members were nicknamed "boxers" because of their martial arts skills. The society strived to uphold Chinese customs, condemned Western ways, and denounced Chinese converts to Christianity
Jones-Shafroth Act
Act that gave Puerto Ricans more citizenship rights and control over their own legislature
Panamanian Rebellion
Rebellion of Panama for Independence from Colombia. This was supported by the US, who needed Colombian power out in order to purchase the land needed for the Panama Canal
Geography, climate, disease
Difficulties faced during the building of the Panama Canal
Francisco Garcia Calderon
Peruvian diplomat who believed Theodore Roosevelt had made the Monroe Doctrine aggressive with his corollary
Augusta Sandino
Nicaraguan spokesman who thought the US was threatening Nicaraguan liberty with the Roosevelt Corollary
Porfiro Diaz
Mexican dictator who's policies supported foreign investors--supported by US because of this
Francisco Madero
Leader of the Mexican Revolution that toppled Diaz
General Victoriano Huerta
Executor of Madero who took power in Mexico. Under, moral diplomacy, Wilson would not recognize him as Mexico's leader
Venustiano Carranza
Leader of Mexico preferred by Wilson. Wilson used the arrest of US sailors as an excuse to topple Huerto and bring Carranza to power
General John J. Pershing
Leader of an expedition into Mexico to find and arrest Francisco "Pancho" Villa
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