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67 terms

DCUSH CHAP 8-12

STUDY
PLAY
The ____________ was an early nineteenth century development that constituted the combined solution to the problems of locating sufficient capital, transporting raw materials to factories and products to consumers, and supervising large numbers of workers.
market revolution
The first American factory was developed by ____________________
Sameul Slater
The merchant who headed the Boston Associates, owners of the innovative Waltham mills, was _________________
Francis Lowell
Most workers in the earliest textile factories were women and _________________
children
Under the "Waltham System," young farm women worked and lived under ______________
strict conditions
The American population more than doubled between 1790 and 1820 primarily because of the ____________________
high birth rate
In the 1830s and 1840s thousands of poor and wretched immigrants flooded into America from Ireland and _______________
Germany
According to your text, by far the most important indirect effect of industrialization occurred when the South began to produce cotton to supply the new textile mills of _____________________
New England
The inventor of a cotton gin, which removed seeds from upland cotton, was ________________
Eli Whitney
A successful and bloody slave revolt led to the creation in 1804 of the black republic of _________________________
Haiti
The Republic of Liberia in western Africa was founded by _______________________
American Colonization Society
The shift to cotton production caused a demand for more labor which was met by a renewed growth of __________________
slavery
By 1820, interstate slave trade in the South was _______________________
a business
The natural highway for western commerce and communication in the early 19th century was the __________ River.
Mississippi
In the 1790s and early 1800s private companies built roads called ________________
turnpikes
American inventor Robert Fulton perfected the first commercially successful ________________
steam boat
A major improvement in the transportation network in the 1820s and 1830s was the construction of ______________________
canals
The greatest advantage which early canals offered was _______________________
the link between the mid west and the Pacific
The mayor of New York City who organized information and political influence to convince the state legislature to construct the Erie Canal was ______________________
Gov. Clinton
Immediately after the Erie Canal was completed, it was a ___________
big success
The Erie Canal solidly established ____________________ importance in commerce
NYC
The Supreme Court's decision in Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) upheld the principle of the sanctity of ______________________
contracts
Part of the "democratizing" of politics during the age of Jackson was the elimination of _________________________for voting and holding
property
During John Quincy Adams' presidency, the politician who prepared for the next election by relying on his military reputation and portraying himself as losing the presidency in 1824 due to the "corrupt bargain" was ___________
Andrew Jackson
The basic concept underlying the "spoils system" was that party workers must be rewarded with ___________________ after a successful campaign
political office
One of the "fundamental tenets of Jacksonian Democracy" was that _________
ordinary americans could do anything
Jackson's advisers who did not hold regular cabinet appointments were called the _______
kitchen cabinet
Jackson's view of the presidency differed from his predecessor's primarily in his belief that the ______________________
president was direct representation all in america
Other than Jackson's personal popularity, the main campaign issue in the presidential election of 1832 was ___________________
the Bank of the US
Jackson defended his veto of the charter of the Second National Bank on the grounds that the bank was ___________________, despite the Supreme Court
unconstitutional
Jackson's attitude toward nullification was to _______________ because of his devotion to the Union
oppose
Jackson's policy toward the Native Americans was to________________ to lands west of the Mississippi
move them
The Native American nation forced to move from Georgia as a result of Jackson's policies were the _______________
Cherokee
Jackson opposed John Marshall's rulings about the Cherokee Nation in Georgia because he believed no _______________________ could be allowed to exist within the United States
independent nations
South Carolina's challenge to the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 is called the ___________
Nullification Crisis
The Southern political thinker who justified Southern resistance to the Tariff of 1828 was _________________
Calhoun
The new political coalition which emerged to challenge Democratic control in the 1830s was called the _____________________
Whigs
The unifying principle of the Whig party was opposition to _________
Andrew Jackson
The Whig party's strategy in the election of 1836 was to run several candidates in the hope that the __________________________ would decide the election
House of Representatives
Martin Van Buren's response to the Panic of 1837 was to follow _______________ to economic troubles
hands off
In the election of 1840 the Whig's presidential nominee, who was a former military hero whose political opinions were largely unknown, was ___________________
William Henry Harrison
During the election of 1840, the Whigs portrayed Harrison as ______________________
living in a log cabin (humble beginnings)
Immediately after Harrison's inauguration Harrison died, was succeeded by the doctrinaire __________________, and the political climate of the country changed dramatically
John Tyler
English authors Frances Trollope and Charles Dickens both visited the United States in the first half of the nineteenth century and concluded that Americans were ____________
crude
The famous book in which Alexis de Tocqueville analyzed American society was _____
Democracy in America
For Tocqueville, the most striking condition of American society was its ___________
equality
In the early nineteenth century the American population was ___________ about every 20 years
doubling
The most significant development in urban population trends from 1820 to 1850 was the emergence of _________________
new towns
A typical theme of the Second Great Awakening was that people could take their ____________ into their own hands
salvation
Evangelist Charles Grandison Finney's success depended upon _______________ through personal testimony of salvation
emotional release
The communitarian group whose members were celibate, held their property in common, valued simplicity and industriousness, stressed equality of labor, and practiced a joyful and fervent religion was ________________
Shakers
Joseph Smith was founder of the _________________
mormons
The Illinois town founded by Mormon leader Joseph Smith as a semi-independent state within the federal Union was __________________
Nauvoo
The pioneer in developing methods for educating deaf people who opened a school for deaf students in 1817 was __________________
Gallaudet
The name most closely associated with the reform of institutions for the insane was ________________
Dix
During the 1820s Americans' per capita consumption of __________________ increased to the highest point ever in American experience
alcohol
The effectiveness of the temperance movement was greatly enhanced by the correlation between alcoholic consumption and __________________
crime
The organization of reformed drunkards which focused on reclaiming alcoholics from the gutter was the ______________________
Washingtonians
Catholic immigrants from Germany and Ireland often objected to demands for _____________ of all alcohol
prohibition
Although involved in many reforms, William Lloyd Garrison is best known for his activities in the cause of ____________________
abolition
William Lloyd Garrison's views on slavery might best be described as ____________
uncompromising
The most influential black abolitionist was _______________________
Fredrick Douglas
In his autobiography and speeches, Frederick Douglass insisted that full social, political, and _________________equality for blacks was required
economic
An important factor in encouraging the growth of the women's rights movement was the female abolitionists' recognition that, like the slaves, they were born into the ________________, which destined them for menial roles in society.
caste system
One of the few advocates of women's rights who did not begin her career in the abolitionist movement and who made a frontal assault on all forms of sexual discrimination in Women in the Nineteenth Century was ___________________
Margaret Fuller
The co-organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention and author of its Declaration of Sentiments was _______________________
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Anthony played a prominent role in the ______________________ because she was the first to see the need for thorough organization
Women's Rights Movement