47 terms

Chapter 9 Jacksonian Democracy Exam 3

Part of the "democratizing" of politics during the age of Jackson was the?
elimination of property qualifications for voting and holding office.
Prior to the "democratizing" of politics during the age of Jackson,presidential candidates were usually chosen by a?
congressional caucus
During John Quincy Adams presidency, the politician who prepared for the next election by relying on his military reputation and portraying himself as losing the presidency in 1824 due to the "corrupt bargain" was?
Andrew Jackson
In the election of 1828?
Andrew Jackson defeated John Quincy in a contest disgraced by character assassination on both sides.
Who does the text describes as "the symbol for a new democratically oriented generation"?
Andrew Jackson
The basic concept underlying the "spoils system" was that?
party workers must be rewarded with political office after a successful campaign.
One of the "fundamental tenets of Jacksonian democracy" was that?
ordinary american's could do anything.
Jackson's advisers who did not hold regular cabinet appointments were called the?
kitchen cabinet
Jackson's view of the presidency differed from his predecessor's primarily in his belief that the?
president was the direct representative of all the people and the embodiment of national power.
The 1830 debate between senators Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne focused on?
the doctrine of states rights as oppposed to national power.
In response to the espousal of the states rights doctrine on the senate floor by south carolinian Robert Hayne, which of the following argued that the constitution was a compact of the people and that the union was indissoluble?
Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster's " second reply to hayne"?
helped to prevent the formation of a west- south alliance.
Other than Jackson's personal popularity, the main campaign issue in the presidential election of 1832 was?
the bank of the united states.
Nicholas Biddle realized that he could use the second national bank as a?
rudimentary central bank.
______ was a leading enemy of the second national bank of the united states?
Andrew Jackson
The senator who pushed for renewal of the bank of the united states charter in 1832 to provide himself a campaign issue against Jackson was?
Henry Clay
Jackson defended his veto of the charter of the second national bank on the grounds that it was?
unconstitutional, despite the supreme court.
Of the second bank of the united states, who believed that it was making " the rich richer and the potent more powerful"?
Andrew Jackson
Jackson's most powerful weapon against the bank of the united states was the?
ability to withdraw government revenues from the bank.
Jackson's attitude toward nullification was to?
oppose it because of his devotion to the union.
The conflict between Jackson and Calhoun was sharpened by their strong disagreement over the?
Peggy Eaton controversy
Like fellow westerners, president Jackson?
preferred that local projects be left to the states.
Jackson's policy toward the native americans was to?
remove them to lands west of mississippi.
About the removal of tribes, who wrote in democracy in america about " the frightful sufferings that attend these forced migrations"?
Alexis de Tocqueville
The native american nation forced to move from georgia as a result of Jackson's policies was the?
Jackson opposed John Marshall's rulings the Cherokee nation in georgia because?
he believed no independent nation could be allowed to exist within the united states.
How did the southerners react to northern criticisms of slavery?
radical south carolinians were convinced that both the protective tariff and the agitation against slavery were examples of tyranny of the majority.
The southern political thinker who most prominently justified southern resistance to the Tariff of 1828?
John C. Calhoun
South carolina's challenge to the tarrifs of 1828 to 1832 is called?
the nullification crisis
" The laws of the united states must be executed. i have no discretionary power on the subject... those who told you that you might peaceably prevent their execution decieved you... disunion by armed force is treason. are you really ready to incur its guilt?" this was a response of Andrew Jackson to the actions of?
south carolina
The outcome of the Nulllification Crisis convinced the radical south carolina planters that?
nullification and secession could succeed only with the support of other states.
During 1835 and 1836, as a result of the creation of the " pet" banks,?
the money supply increased rapidly and fueled wild speculation in land.
President Jackson issued the ___ in 1836 to require purchase of public land in gold or silver?
specie circular
What effect did jackson's economic policies have on the buisness cycle?
they exaggerated the swings of the economic pendulum through the impact of their ill- considered policies on public thinking.
Which of the following caused panic in the country in the spring of 1837?
the inability of banks to make specie payments.
Of whom was he speaking when Alexis de Tocqueville said " far from wishing to extend federal power,[he] belongs to the party that wishes to limit that power."?
Andrew Jackson
An underlying principle commonly agreed upon by jacksonians was?
suspicion of special privileges and large buisness corparations.
The jacksonians who championed giving the "small man" his chance were the?
The new political coalition which emerged to challenge democratic control in the 1830's was called?
The whigs
The unifying principle of the whig party was?
the opposition to " king andrew" jackson.
The whig party's strategy in the election of 1836 was to?
run several candidates in the hope that the house of representatives would decide the election.
Martin Van Buren's response to the panic of 1837 was to?
reject government interference in the economy.
Martin Van Buren's chief goal as president was to?
find an acceptable substitute for the state banks as a place to keep federal funds.
President Van Buren attempted to "divorce" the government from all banking activities through the?
independent treasury act
In the election of 1840 the whig's presidential nominee, who was a former military hero whose political opinions were largely unknown, was?
William Henry Harrison
Over what issue did Davy Crockett split with the president jackson, eventually costing him his congressional seat?
removal of the indians from the south.
Immediately after harrison's inauguration?
harrison died, was succeeded by the doctrinaire john tyler, and the political climate of the country changed dramatically.