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NURS 494: Asepsis and Infection
Terms in this set (46)
When microorganisms capable of producing disease invade the body
Any interruption in ___________________ (two words) compromises the patient's ability to fight infection
Chain of Infection (6 Links)
Portal of Exit
Mode of Transmission
Portal of Entry
Pathogens and/or normal flora that become pathogenic
Where pathogens live and multiply
True or false? A reservoir can be living or non-living
Examples of living reservoirs
Humans, animals, insects
Examples of non-living reservoirs
Food, floors, equipment, contaminated water
Contaminated object that can transfer a pathogen (such as a doorknob, pen, etc.)
Person with inadequate defenses
One of the biggest risk factors for infection is?
Four determining factors to make a susceptible host?
Organism's ability to survive in the host's environment
Number of organisms
Stages of infection (5)
The period of time from time of infection until the manifestation of symptoms
True or false? You are capable of spreading infection during the incubation stage
Appearance of vague symptoms of infection
True or false? All infections have a prodromal stage
Signs and symptoms of infection are present
The number of pathogens in the body declines
Tissue repair and a return to health
Occurs in a limited region in the body
Spread via blood or lymph and affects many regions of the body
Rapid onset with a short duration
A classic example of an acute infection is?
The common cold
Slow development with a long duration
Infection is present with no discernible symptoms
A classic example of a latent infection is?
An infection acquired as a result of healthcare
Exogenous Healthcare-Related Infection
Pathogen is acquired from the healthcare environment
Endogenous Healthcare-Related Infection
Normal flora multiply and cause infection as a result of treatment
Normal white blood cell count
What are abnormal levels of CSF protein and glucose?
Increased protein, decreased glucose
What is the single best way to prevent the spread of infection?
Wash your hands
The goal of medical asepsis is?
To limit the the number, growth, and transmission of microorganisms
The goal of surgical asepsis is?
To irradiate all microorganisms
Standard precautions include?
Wearing gloves and protective gear (when there is potential for blood and bodily fluid exposure)
How is the illness spread if the patient is on contact precautions?
By direct contact
Examples of possible prevention techniques for patients on contact precautions
Possible private room
Clean gown and glove use
Disposal of contaminated items in room
Double-bag linen and mark
Pathogen is spread via moist droplets
Particulates are so fine that they can remain suspended in air at a distance of about 3 feet
An example of an illness that would place a patient on droplet precautions is?
Droplet precautions include contact precautions plus?
Mask and eye protection within 3 ft of client
Pathogen is spread via air currents
An example of an illness that would place a patient on airborne precautions is?
A type of precaution that protects the client from organisms (we are preventing the client from getting sick rather than worrying about them spreading infection)
Protective isolation is also known as?
Which patients are most often in protective isolation?
Immunocompromised (such as in cancer)
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