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21 terms

Ancient Egypt Quiz

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Nile River
river that flows through Egypt
Nile Delta
triangle area of the Nile River of marshes and tributaries that flow in the Mediterranean Sea
Upper Egypt
the southern part of ancient Egypt
Lower Egypt
The northern part of ancient Egypt
Silt
rich soil, left by flooding, that helped crops grow
Menes
the Old Kingdom Egyptian Pharaoh that united Upper and Lower Egypt
Old Kingdom
period when the pyramids of Giza were built, ended because governors questioned authority of the Pharaohs
Middle Kingdom
period when trade flourished and Egypt became wealthy, ended because weak rulers and foreign invaders
New Kingdom
period during which Egypt reached its height of its power and glory, ended when it was conquered by Roman Empire
Hatshepsut
female regent who ruled as Pharaoh
King Tutankhamen
Egyptian pharaoh who died while still a young boy; famous for the discovery of his tomb
Osiris
god of the underworld who weighted hearts of the dead against the feather of justice
Grain
used as money in ancient Egypt to pay taxes and trade for other goods
Rosetta Stone
helped historians understand Egyptian hieroglyphics
Afterlife
life after death
Pharaoh
god-king of ancient Egypt
Sahara
desert in North Africa
Barter
the process of trading goods
mummification
process of preserving bodies for the afterlife by embalming and drying
dynasty
series of rulers from the same family, Egypt had 31
Flooding of Nile
affected the amount of grain harvested for ancient Egypt