observed trait of an organism that masks the recessive form of a trait
trait of an organism that can be masked by the dominant form of a trait
an organism with two dominant or two recessive genes for a trait
having two different genes (1 dominant & 1 recessive)
threadlike structures in the nucleus of a cell that control heredity
likelihood that a particular event will occur
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics
the basic building blocks of heredity
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes.
genetic makeup of an organism
an organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
A process of cell division that forms two new cells, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
a process in cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases to half the original number by two divisions of the cell, which results in the production of sex cells (gametes)
is the Father of Genetics. He was an Austrian monk who studied pea plants in order to look at the characteristics that were passed from one generation to the next.
Any permanent change in a gene or chromosome of a cell; may be beneficial, harmful, or have little effect on an organism.
the process by which a cell makes a copy of the DNA in its nucleus
number of chromosomes in human cells
number of chromosomes in human sex cells
Correct pairing of nitrogen bases
Cytosine to Guanine, Adenine to Thymine
the passing of traits from parents to offspring