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Chapter 14 history short answer
Terms in this set (24)
Where 2 popes claimed each other to be false or excommunicated their rivals
Three effects of the bubonic plague
economical, social, and thold manorial began to crumble. These included population decreasing, prices rose, and the church suffered
Impact of Joan of Arc have on the Hundreds Year War
England and France later saw their kings as a leader. The French power increased
Which decreased the power of the church (bubonic plague or great schism)
the great schism because the pope's thought they had more control, even though they did not work together as one church
Problems that survivors faced after bubonic plague
nobles resisted peasant demands, jews were blamed, England and France war
Hundred Years' War encourage a feeling of nationalism in both France and England
Both France and England because they looked at their king as a national leader fighting for glory, not just as a feudal leader
two legal practices date back to Henry II
juries, common law, and the magna carta
basic rights guaranteed by the Magna Carta
no taxation without representation, a jury trial, and the protection of the law
Philip II call the Estates-General together
it was a whole meeting and it never became independent (that would limit the kings power)
Compare the way in which England and France began developing as nations
England: William invaded England in 1066, Henry II introduces use of the jury in English courts, John agrees to the Magna Carta in 1215, and Edward calls the Mode; Parliament in 1295. France: Hugh Capet increases the territory of France, Philip II established bailiffs to preside over courts and collect taxes, Louise IX creates a French appeals court, and Philip IV adds Third Estate to the Estates-General.
changes in English government is reflected in the government of the United States today
the magna carta
What steps were necessary to centralize governments in England and France
hold and add their French lands, second they wanted to strengthen their own power over the nobles and the church. Another step that was important to centralize governments in England and France were to raise taxes for a war against the French. This was called the Model Parliament
How were the Muslim scholars lend to tyre vivas of learning in Europe?
Europeans acquired a huge new body of knowladge. This brought technology in ships, navigation, and weapons
How did guilds influence business practices in medieval towns?
Worked to improve the economic and social conditions.v provided security in trading
In what ways did Burghers expand their freedom from land lords?
Demanded privileges. It influenced freedom from certain kinds of tolls and the right to govern the town. They aight against their land lords and won these rights by force
What was the effect of the development of towns on the feudal system?
Trade grew and Europe swelled with people. It was exciting and drew in lots of people
Why would writers choose to produce works in the vernacular instead of in Latin?
People couldn't read of write so this brought literature to most people
How dinghy commercial revolution lay the foundation for the economy for modern Europe?
By fairs, trade, business, banking, and social changes
what were the three main causes of the need to reform the church?
Priests would get married and have a family, bishops sold positions in the church, and the practice of lay investiture
Which crusade was the only successful one?
The first because they captured the most land. I'm 1144 the Turks recon quieted the narrow strip of land
How did the goals of the Crusades change over the years?
economical, social, and political including religious motives. The kings wanted to get rid of the fights between knights. Later on in the Crusades the merchants profited by making cash loans to finance the journey.
best represents the spirit of the Age of Faith- Church reform, the Crusades, or the Gothic cathedrals?
laws were made and there were lots of organization
What evidence supports the idea that the church functioned like a kingdom?
Church laws, and the church was meant to resemble a kingdom with the pope at its head. The pope had advisers called Curia like a court. The church also collected taxes.
Crusades change the history of Europe?
Crusaders expanded trade. The Crusades weakened the power of the pope. This was because the energy led to growth of trade, towns, and universities in medieval Europe.
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