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69 terms

Special Senses (eyes)

Medical terms of the the special senses (eyes)
STUDY
PLAY
sclera
white of the eye
choroid
contain blood vessels that supply eyeball
retina
sensitive nerve tissue; coats interior of eye
cornea
transparent covering of the iris
conjunctiva
membrane that lines outer surface of eye and inside of eyelid
iris
colorful, muscular ring; adjusts opening of pupil
lens
refracts light rays
rods
nerve cells responsible for vision in dim light and peripheral vision
cones
nerve cells responsible for the vision in bright light, central vision & color vision
meibomian
small oil glands that lubricate the eyes
astigmatism
irregularly focused light rays on the retina due to an abnormally shaped lens
hyperopia
farsightedness
myopia
nearsightedness
esotropia
inward turning of eyes (cross-eyed)
exotropia
outward turning of the eyes (wall-eyed)
nystagmus
involuntary movements of eyes; may or may not be apparent
strabismus
inability of eyes to gaze in same direction due to weakness of muscles (trachoma)
cataract
progressive cloudiness of the crystalline lens
diabetic retinopathy
disease of retina & capillaries due to poorly controlled diabetes mellitus
glaucoma
increased intraocular pressure
presbyopia
impaired vision due to aging
retinitis pigmentosa
degenerative disease of retina without inflammation that results in defective night vision and decreased field of vision
diplopia
double vision; may be in one or both eyes
nyctalopia
impaired or inadequate vision at night (night blindness)
photophobia
abnormal sensitivity to light
retinopathy
any disease or disorder of the retina
blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelids
hordeolum
bacterial infection of an eyelash follicle or sebaceous gland (sty)
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva (pinkeye)
Uveitis
inflammation of the iris, ciliary body and choroid
blepharoptosis
drooping of an eyelid
ectropion
turning outward of the eyelash margins, usually affects the lower eyelid
blepharoplasty
surgical repair or plastic surgery of the eyelid
funduscopy
endoscopic examination of the posterior inner part of the eye (fundus)
keratoectomy
surgical removal of the cornea
keratotomy
incision into the cornea
phacoemulsification
breaking the crystalline lens or its cataract into tiny particles that can be removed by suction or aspiration
REM
rapid eye movement
VA
visual acuity
VF
visual field
IOP
intraocular pressure
PERRLA
pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
RK
radial keratotomy
PRK
photo refractive keratectomy
ECCE
extracapsular cataract extraction
ICCE
intracapsular cataract extraction
IOL
intraocular lens
OD
Right eye
OS
Left eye
OU
each eye
intraocular
pertaining to within the eye
lacrimal
pertaining to tears
nasolacrimal
pertaining to the nose and tear duct
ophthalmologist
physician eye specialist
ophthalmology
medical specialty related to the study of diseases, disorders, and treatments of the eye
optician
individual who measures and fits eyeglasses
optometrist
Dr. of optometry; hcp who measures VA, prescribes corrective lenses, & may diagnose/ treat eye problems
optometry
measuring/ testing eyes for visual acuity and corrective lenses
visual acuity
sharpness or clearness of vision in one or both eyes
chalazion
cyst or nodule on the eyelid as a result of an obstructed meibomian gland
dacryocystitis
inflammation of the tear sac or lacrimal sac
detached retina
separation of the retina from the choroid layer of the eye
exophthalmia
abnormal profusion of eyeballs
iritis
inflammation of the iris
keratitis
inflammation of the cornea
photoretinitis
damage or inflammation of the retina to excessive exposure to light
pterygium
irregular growth and thickening of the conjunctive on the nasal side of the cornea
retinoblastoma
malignant tumor of the retina
sclerokeratitis
inflammation of the sclera and cornea