Terry Jones on Knights and Damsels
from Terry Jones' Medieval Lives
Terms in this set (21)
William the Conqueror
conqueror of England, his followers were the first "knights"
Richard the Lion-Hearted
a celebrated knight, who was known for his brutality
the code of conduct for knights, origin of the word was from horses called "chivals"
Sir William Marshall
handed over as a hostage by his father John when he was young; he later became a knight and gained massive wealth
miniature wars played for sport by knights; an opportunity to make money through ransoms.
violence to women
was allowed by the chivalric code if the lady was won by a duel
Pope Urban II
sanctioned murder of non-Christians in 1095, which led to lots of violence
knights' first priority, as shown in the symbolism in their armor
Order of the Garter
housed at the Windsor Chapel, 26 knights on two teams. Each knight had banners with coats of arms for identification
the primary goal of knights, not protecting the rights of innocents
Hundred Years War
Edward III did not fight this war against the French by the code of chivalry, which was hypocritical. Even after the war Edward's army plundered the land.
Sir John Hawkwood
wealthy businessperson with a mercenary company of knights who fought wars for whoever hired them. Famously his army killed thousands of people in the city of Chicena. He was often contracted by the city of Florence.
damsel in distress
The passive female archetype, trapped in a castle and in need of rescue, was an invention of Victorians as a reflection of their own ideals.
Nicola de la Haye
At 70, she was saved by William Marshall after a battle against the French, showing women's independence in the Middle Ages
motivation of Normans wanting English brides (whether they liked it or not)
English bride who did not want to marry the Norman Burthered, even though her parents wanted it.
While it was condemned by Victorians, people in the Middle Ages were more accepting of female _______.
according to the Church, the wickedness of ______ was worse than all other evils.
as the Middle Ages went on, women gained more equality, and their clothing emphasized their _______.
business woman who failed at running a brewery and at milling. She wept loudly all the time.
Joan of Arc
example of the backlash against feminism in the late Middle Ages.