Intro to Small Animal Mgmt - Anesthesia Part 2

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Terms in this set (...)

Generic Name
Lower case
Brand name
Upper case
Emergency Drugs to use during Stage 4
Epinephrine; Given IC
Adrenaline
Dopamine; Sublingually
Phenothiazine(s)
One of a group of tranquilizing drugs with antipsychotic actions thought to act by blocking dopaminergic transmission (messages sent using the substance dopamine) within the brain.

-acepromazine/Prom Ace
acepromazine/Prom Ace
Usually used on dogs and horses as a tranquilizer; given tablets orally; used as a pre-op injection ; never usually on an animal that is older or geriatric; lowers blood pressure; never used on Grey Hounds
Butorphanols/Opiods
Butorphano(s) are a synthetic opioid narcotic pain reliever. It prevents pain in a similar way as morphine (MS Contin), hydrocodone (Zohydro), oxycodone (Oxycontin), and other opioids;Analgesics.

torbugesic/Torbutrol
buprenorphine/Buprenex
torbugesic/Torbutrol
Given as an injection or in an oral tablet form; analgesic; helps to control coughing; used for cat declaws, controlled substance (need a DEA license to have)
buprenorphine/Buprenex
Given as an injectable or orally; controlled substances (need a DEA license to control and administer them); used for cat declaws
Benzodiazepine(s)
Any of a class of heterocyclic organic compounds used as tranquilizers, such as Librium and Valium.

diazepam/Valium
diazepam/Valium
Muscle relaxer; given as in injection or in oral form; sometimes the medicine will make the patient hyperactive
Ketamine and Valium
Great method to parenterally induce a dog or cat, given IV
xylazine hydrochloride/Rompun
Antagonist (A substance that interferes with or inhibits the physiological action of another);Used in a short term procedure; given IM or IV (Usually IV); drops the sedation to Plane 1; induces vomiting and aspiration
Anti-Sedan
Reversal agonist (A substance that initiates a physiological response when combined with a receptor.)
xylazine and Anti-Sedan
Used on wildlife since it is reversible ; it's an analgesic, muscle relaxer and tranquilizer
Anesthetic
Eliminates pain; may render patient unconscious

pentobarbital sodium/Pentobarb
ketamine hydrochloride/Ketaset
Inhalants
Halothane
Isoflurane
Sevoflurane
pentobarbital sodium/Pentobarb
"Truth Serum";Administered IV; can be used for euthanasia and at correct dose it can be used as anesthetic
ketamine hydrochloride/Ketaset
Dissociative anesthetic;. Which is why valium is added with this drug to counteract the side effects of ketamine, high vet value, Is a controlled substance so you need a DEA license , no longer given to kids because it used to be used on kids and studies showed that years later that they had hallucinations etc.; those experience "K-Hole"
Lab Mixture
KAX
Ketaset
Prom Ace
xylazine hydrochloride
Given IM
Inhalants
Liquid first place in vaporizer then it turns into a gas
Halothane
"Old-School"
Isoflurane
Most commonly used in veterinary medicine; best choice
Sevoflurane
Works faster but is more expensive; use Sevo as a reversal agent and is dangerous to those administering the inhalant
Drugs originally intended for Humans
Torbutrol, Buprenex, Valium, Ketaset and Pentobarb
Calculating Drug Dose
(Body WeightXDose)/Concentration

Example(s):
1) Body Weight: 750g
Dose: 75 mg/kg
Concentration: 100mg/ml

0.75kg x 75mg/kg = 56.25mg (amount)
56.25mg/100mg/ml = 0.56ml (volume)

2) Body Weight: 750g
Dose/conc KAX: 0.075ml/100gBody Weight

0.075ml X 750g= 56.25g*ml/100g = 0.56ml (volume to be injected)