29 terms

US History- World War 1

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Terms in this set (...)

Allied Powers
Great Britain, Russia, Serbia, France
Central Powers
Germany, Ottoman Empire, Austria Hungray, Bulgaria
Trench Warfare
WWI strategy of defending your territory from deep ditches
Machine guns
shoots in rapid succession, changing how wars are fought
Poison gas
new form of warfare using biological or chemical weapons
Tanks
new technology allowing soldiers to advance across No Man's Land
Airplanes
New technology allowing aerial support
War of Attrition
warfare where one side tried to wear down the other
Neutrality
original U.S. position toward WWI
Lusitania
British passenger ship sunk by the Germans, 128 Americans died, turned public opinion in the war
Zimmerman Telegram
decoded message from German diplomat to Mexico offering U.S. territory (Texas) if Mexico fought the U.S. in WWI.
(Making World) Safe For Democracy
President Wilson's justification for getting America involved in WWI
Henry Cabot Lodge
Rejected President Wilson's 14 points and was the main driving force behind the U.S. not approving the Treaty of Versailles
War Industries Board
governmental agency that organized industry, controlled materials, production & prices
National War Labor Board
agency that arbitrated disputes between workers and businesses during the war
Committee on Public Information
U.S. government's propaganda campaign to promote the war
Espionage and Sedition Act
Congress made it illegal to speak out against the government's war efforts, incite disloyalty or persuade men from avoiding the draft, and outlawed disloyal or profane language directed against the constitution, military uniforms & flag
War Bonds
government issued certificates that financed war & earned interest
Wilson's 14 Points
plan for organizing post-war Europe in order to avoid future wars
League of Nations
international organization of nations formed in 1919 to prevent future wars
Reparations
war payments made by a losing country after war
Treaty of Versailles
treaty that ended WWI and was one of the main driving forces for WWII
General John Pershing
leader of the U.S. AEF forces in Europe
American Expeditionary Force
the U.S. armed forces sent over to fight in Europe during WWI. Not a legitimate army
Battle of the Argonne Forest
the biggest battle of the war for the AEF and a major turning point in the war
Eugene V. Debs
socialist labor leader, imprisoned under the Sedition Act for speaking out against the war
Bolsheviks
radical Russian Socialists who fomented revolution
Demobilization
transition from war time to peacetime production & employment led to economic depression
War to End All Wars
the idea that WWI would, with all its destruction & devastation, end warfare

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