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Public Health Midterm
Terms in this set (37)
Public health was characterized as "fulfilling society's interest in assuring conditions in which people could be healthy" by...
Institute of Medicine in "The Future of Public Health"
Note: Use this card in reverse
In which form of justice are collective actions leading to the assumption of additional burdens often necessary in order to assure the fair distribution of societal benefits?
Which of these statements regarding trends in life expectancy and infant mortality rates in the United States is False
The percentage of improvement in life expectancy at birth was greater than the percentage improvement in infant mortality rates between 1900 and 2000
What domains of determinants are included in the social-ecological model of determinants of health?
 Living and working conditions
 Social, family, and community networks
 Individual behavior
A measure of health status that attempts to gauge the social impact of various diseases and conditions by adjusting for differences in the age of the population affected is...
Years of potential life lost
In 1900, the leading cause of death in the United States was what two conditions?
Pneumonia and influenza
The World Health Organization (WHO) definition of good human health includes?
physical, mental, and social well-being
In the United States, the national health promotion and disease prevention agenda is known as...
A measure of health status assigns to each period of time a weight, ranging from 0 to 1, corresponding to the health-related quality of life during that period. These weight values are then summed across time periods to calculate this measure. For each period, a weight of 1 corresponds to optimal health, and a weight of 0 corresponds to a health state equivalent to death. What is this measure?
What are some goals of the Healthy People 2020 initiative? What is it?
 Promote quality of life, healthy development, and healthy behaviors across all life stages
 Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all
 Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups
It is an agenda and is aspirational in nature.
The total level of health expenditures for health and medical care services in the United States for 2015 is approximately $ __________
Prevalence is a function of both incidence and _______
Early detection of disease and interventions to reverse, halt, or at least slow the progression of a condition, often performed when disease is not yet symptomatic, is a description of ______________
The approximate percentage of all health and medical care expenditures in the United States spent on clinical preventive and public health services is __________
Less than 5 percent
The two largest categories of national health expenditures in the United States are ____ and _____
Physicians and hospitals
Public health authorities argue that the current focus of the U.S. health system is on tertiary prevention. Such a focus would be most likely to produce which of the following outcomes?
Minimize or delay mortality from a disease or condition
Describe the Health Impact Pyramid. Which of these levels of the health impact pyramid has the greatest impact at the population level?
See page 72.
Describe the Heal Services Pyramid
See page 71
By the year 2025, non-Hispanic whites will compose approximately what percentage of the total U.S. population?
Public health activity accounts for what percentage of all national health expenditures?
. Per capita public health activity spending in the United States in 2012 was closest to ____
$1 per day
The overwhelming majority of U.S. local health departments are organized at what level of government?
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for ________________
Evaluating the safety of food and drugs
The state health officer is usually appointed by _______
The Institute of Medicine identified which level of government as the central force in public health, bearing primary public sector responsibility for the health of the people?
While the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives the states primary responsibility for public health, inequities between and among the states persist because __________
Each state has the right to define and delegate authority and responsibility for public health services.
Public health actions frequently involve a balancing of individual rights vs. the good of the community. Where that balance is struck is based on ________
The concept that government is responsible for ensuring that standards are met in every community developed with the 1979 revision of the Model Standards is referred to as __________
Governmental presence in health
What are the essential public health services that are components of the policy development core function?
 informing, educating, and empowering people about health issues.
 mobilizing community partnerships to identify and solve health problems.
 developing policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.
A community's ability to define and solve its own problems is called __________
What are the determinants of health?
1. Physical environment
2. Social environment
3. Genetic endowments
4. Health care
5. Health and function
9. Individual responses
What two occupational categories make-up over half of the public health workforce?
Public Health Nurses and Administrative Support Staff
What are the four major occupational categories?
What year was the public health workforce enumerated?
2008 - 2012
Name 4-5 components essential to policy formulation/implementation and public health?
5. Developing Policies
Why do we agree as a culture that the good of the many outweigh the good of the individual?
Societal values and utilitarianism
What organization keeps track of public health in other agencies and industries?
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