Elements of Story Review - First Quarter 2016-2017
You should be able understand each of the terms below and be able to identify EXAMPLES for each of the terms, which is what you will be asked to do for your midterm exam.
Terms in this set (32)
when the speaker or writer means the exact opposite of what they say or write
when events turn out the opposite of what was expected
when facts or events are unknown to a character in a play or piece of fiction but known to the reader, audience, or other characters in the work
the prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work (based on the reader's perception).
Describes the author's attitude toward his material or audience- (serious, playful, humorous, formal, somber, sarcastic, businesslike)
Anything that represents itself and stands for something else. Usually, it is something concrete, such as an object, action, character, or scene, that represents something more abstract- (The scarlet ibis symbolizes Doodle.) (Dawn symbolizes hope or a new beginning)
The central idea or message of a work, the insight it offers into life. Themes are never a single word. - (Bullies often target those who they feel threatened by.) (Empathy is the key to peace in interpersonal relationships as well as cultural conflicts.)
the main character of a story
A character who tries to keep the protagonist from reaching his or her goal- (Zaroff in "The Most Dangerous Game")
A struggle between two opposing forces
A struggle that a character has with himself or herself, occurring with a character's mind- (Ender grapples with his own capacity for violence.) (man vs. self))
A struggles between a character and an outside force such as another character or nature- (Rainsford struggles to survive when he falls overboard and must swim to the island.)
Scenes from the story that are back in time from the current point (Odysseus flashes back to his stay on Calypso's island.)
A hint that is designed to prepare the reader for how the story will proceed
establishes the place and time of a story
sequence of events in a story
Part of the plot that introduces important background information, such as the setting, characters, and mood
the first conflict that appears in the story or the beginning of the single conflict of the story that leads to the climax
Part of the plot when a series of related incidents build toward the turning point of the story with increasing tension
The turning point in the story and the moment of greatest emotion in a story
Part of the plot when the conflict between the protagonist and the antagonist unravels with decreasing tension. The protagonist may win or lose
Part of the plot when all conflicts are resolved, creating a release of tension
a character with little details
a character who does not change emotionally or psychologically over the course of the story- (Doodle)
a character with a realistic and fully developed personality with multiple attributes
a character who changes psychologically or emotionally over the course of the story
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
first person p.o.v.
The narrator tells the story with "I, me, my, we, us..." pronouns and is a character in the story. This narrator can be a protagonist, a secondary character, or simply a character who observes the plot
second person p.o.v.
the story is told with the reader inserted in the story's events with "you" pronouns (You walk into the grocery store and tell everyone to put their hands up.)
third person p.o.v.
The narrator uses "he, she, it..." pronouns. This narrator is not part of the story. This narrator may be OMNISCIENT, meaning the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all the characters, or LIMITED, meaning the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of only one character, but can narrate the actions of all characters.
When the author directly tells the reader what a character's personality is- (Doodle is sweet and affectionate.)
When the author indirectly tells the reader what a character's personality by showing them their Speech, Thoughts and feelings, Effect on others, Actions, and Looks (S.T.E.A.L.)- (Doodle buried the dead ibis despite the cold weather and his grumbling stomach.)
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