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Desmond Chapter 3A Test Review

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Transcendentalism
The philosophy that believed people could soar beyond the limits of ordinary experience and gain mystical knowledge of ultimate and eternal things by tapping into their intuitive powers is known as
An Adversely altered ecology and economy of the region
A drawback to building the Erie Canal
The redistribution of the African American population
The cotton boom that began in the 1810s set in motion
Benjamin Banneker
mathematician and surveyor; helped lay out Washington, D.C
The antebellum women's movement
Religious Revivalism, the temperance movement, benevolent activities, and Whig politics all helped
Many rejected the acquisitiveness of the new industrialized society
Why were there so many religious, reform, and utopian movements in the antebellum United States?
John Humphrey Noyes
Oneida Community
It recruited farm girls and women to work in factories
What did the Waltham plan/Lowell system do?
5
What percent of southern whites owned fifty percent of the south's slave population?
The efforts of Nat Turner
Contradicts the fact that most slaves recognized that uprisings would be futile
Native American rights
John Quincy Adams's actions showed a marked difference from Jackson's in relation to
Slavery allowed a civilized lifestyle for whites and provided tutelage for genetically inferior blacks
The notion of slavery as a "necessary evil" and a "positive good" was supported by which idea?
Celibacy
NOT associated with the Oneida Community
It was home to many religious revivals and reform movements
Central New York was labeled the "Burned Over District" because
Lyman Beecher
An avid spokesman against Roman Catholicism as anathema to republicanism and freedom of conscience was
Market Revolution
American factories and farms turning out more goods, merchants and legislators creating faster and cheaper ways to get those products to consumers
Railroads
These supplanted the short lived Canal Age
Walt Whitman
Wrote "Leaves of Grass"
Support for average Americans
Jacksonian democracy and Jeffersonian republicanism were most similar in their
Free blacks
Who became the backbone of the south's urban artisan workforce?
States' rights
The South Carolina Exposition and Protest, written by John C. Calhoun, was an argument in favor of
Was less than
The per capita income of the South (exceeded OR was less than) that of the North
Protective tariff, subsidized internal improvements, and the national bank
Elements of Clay's American system
Mormons
Joseph Smith and Brigham Young led these people
Church and family
Core institutions for African American society
The Trail of Tears
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 eventually led to
A black form of evangelical Christianity
The synthesis of African and American culture was exemplified by
Transcendentalism
Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, and Ralph Waldo Emerson were well known for their involvement with
Abolition
David Walker, William Lloyd Garrison, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were all involved in
John Quincy Adams became president even though Andrew Jackson had more popular votes
A problem that occurred in the election of 1824 was that
Religious revival
Associates with both the First and Second Great Awakenings
States had the right to determine which congressional laws they would enforce
The Ordinance of Nullification was based on the belief that
Dorothea Dix
The author of Conversations on Common Things; founded charity schools; worked actively to get the mentally ill out of prisons
Slave revolts
Gabriel and Martin Prosser are linked to
It's per capita income was still lower than that of the North
This contradicted the fact that by the 1840s the South's cotton production accounted for almost two-thirds of the total value of American exports
The support of New York City merchants and the governor
The Erie Canal, the first great engineering project in American history, was successful in part because of
Active workers for the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott
Jefferson and Jackson
The two presidents that had the most strained relationships with the Supreme Court of the United States
Increased slave trade
Changing the marriage blessing from "'til death do you part" to "for as long as God keeps them together" is a reflection of
His rigid personality and high moral standards
A characteristic of John Quincy Adams that was both a strength and a weakness
Samuel Slater
"Father of the factory system"
Irish immigrants
Replaced workers in the Lowell Mill when they refused to work until conditions improved
A religious revival movement
The antebellum reform movement was, in large part, precipitated by
The Industrial and Market Revolutions
These two revolutions created a class-divided society that challenged the founders' vision of an agrarian republic
Tariff protection
The national government aided the growth of industry in the first half of the nineteenth century through
The Bill of Rights
A legal argument for slavery can be found in
Investment in land and slaves
Southern capital and entrepreneurial energies were mostly diverted to
Perfectionism
n evangelical movement that believed the Second Coming of Christ had already occurred and people could attain complete freedom from sin
Economic tied being forged between the North and South
A major effect of the transportation revolution
Margaret Fuller
A critic for the New York Tribune, an editor of The Dial, and the author of Woman in the Nineteenth Century
inequality
The planter aristocracy valued
Worcester v. Georgia
Marshall decision that Jackson refused to implement, stating, "John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it"
South Carolina plantation owner
This person would most likely be opposed to antebellum reform
Demanded government assistance for their business enterprises
Nineteenth-century bankers, land speculators, and entrepreneurs all
Remington, Singer, and other American businesses soon dominated many European markets
An outcome of the American Industrial Revolution
Deter westward migration
Several eastern states expanded suffrage to
promote the general diffusion of knowledge
The American Lyceum movement undertook to
The rapid transfer of slaves from other regions to the lower Mississippi Valley
The factor that most significantly reduced slaves' cultural differences
John Deere
This person invented the steel plow
Hindered
Roman Catholic immigration in the 1840s (hindered OR falicitated) unions
The labor theory of value
The concept that the price of a product should reflect the work required to make it
Martin Van Buren
Considered the first real politician, partly because he created the first statewide political machine
Moral superiority
Was not used by Southerners to support their pro-slavery position
Franchise qualifications
In this way was the United States more democratic than anywhere else in the world during the first half of the nineteenth century
The Second Great Awakening and reform
The women's rights' advocates had their origins in
Revivalism
Charles Grandison Finney is most directly connected with
Free blacks could not work for the U.S. Postal Service, claim public land, or hold a U.S. passport
One thing that Martin Delany referred to when he said, "We are slaves in the midst of freedom"
The Cherokees
Sequoyah developed a written language and published a newspaper for
Destroy the national bank
Jackson took his win in the election of 1832 as a mandate to
Patronage
The power of elected officials to grant government jobs to party members in return for their loyalty