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Study guide questions and vocab
Terms in this set (55)
The federal system goes a long way toward explaining why U.S. parties are ____ than their European counterparts.
In most states, candidates for office are chosen by
from the bottom up
In the Jacksonian era, for the first time a party system was built
caucuses compromising members of Congress
Prior to 1824, presidential candidates were nominated by
giving some measure of local control to the presidential nominating process
Party conventions emerged during the Jacksonian era as a means of
It emerged as a major party only after the Civil War.
Which of the following statements about the modern Republican Party is correct?
better relation with business
The progressive favored all of the following except
Party loyalties remained fluid after 1860.
Which of the following statements concerning slavery and the election of 1860 is incorrect?
The Republicans won the support of those in cities.
Which of the following statements about the critical election of 1896 is correct?
it was not preceded by any third-party movement
The realignment of 1932 was somewhat different because
they left control of Congress in the hands of the Democratic Party
The elections of Ronald Reagan could not have marked a realignment because
Republican Party, Democratic Party
Beginning in the 1960s, the ____ became more bureaucratized, whereas the ____ became more factionalized.
The formula for the selection of delegates to the Republican national convention generally stresses the importance of
More of the Democrats were male.
All of the following statements concerning the delegates to the 2004 conventions are correct except that
Within both major parties, it is the ____ level that has most obviously declined.
are characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity
Its power was enhanced by the Hatch Act.
Which of the following statements regarding the Tammany Hall political machine is incorrect?
The text compares political machines to vast
The ____ made it illegal for federal civil service employees to take an active part in political campaigns.
the increasing education and sophistication of voters
The texts suggests that the decline of political machines was in part related to
Political machines are the supreme expression of the value of
an increase in voter turnout
One arguably positive impact of machine politics was
The ideological groups, or reform clubs, of the 1950s and 1960s gave rise to ideological parties composed of
the United Auto Workers (UAW) in Detroit
An example of an organization that sponsors a local party is
to join a delegating committee (caucus groups)
People can join a party for reasons other than patronage. The text cites all of the following other reasons except
every party must be a broad-based coalition
The plurality electoral system in the United States means that
party voting is still quite strong among those who vote.
No third party is likely to win the presidency anytime soon because
B, C, and D
poverty, the environment, health care
Americans tend to see the Democrats as better at handling issues such as
Eugene Debs of the Socialist Party won ____ percent of the vote in the presidential election of 1912
The Libertarian and Socialist parties in the United States are example of
dissident elements were able to influence elections through party primaries and national conventions
Many strong social movements in the United States (for example, the antiwar movement of the 1960s) never produced a significant third party. One reason is that
policy interests of the party
At party conventions in recent years, the ____ has/have become increasingly important.
A meeting of party followers at which convention delegates are picked is known as a
The typical convention delegate--Democratic or Republican--can best be characterized as a(n)
increases the chances that the party will nominate a candidate who is unappealing to the average voter
The disadvantage of the new primary system that has developed in the United States is that it
a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office
republican party faction of the 1890s to the 1910s composed of reformers who opposed patronage
a period when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular coalition supporting one or both parties
voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election
voting for candidates of the same party
a ballot listing all candidates of a given office under the name of that office, also called a "Massachusetts" ballot
a ballot listing all candidates of a given party together under the name of that party; also called an "Indiana" ballot
a meeting of party delegates held every four years
delegates who run party affairs between national conventions
congressional campaign committee
a party committee in Congress that provides funds to members and would-be members
day-to-day party manager elected by the national committee
party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention with out having to run in primaries or caucuses
a party organization that recruits members by dispersing patronage
a party that values principled stands on issues above all else
the social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations
a local or state political party largely supported by another organization in the community
the political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks
an electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in national elections
an electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority
a meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or another primary candidate
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