American History Chapter 3
Terms in this set (8)
sir humphrey gilbert
First royal charter (1578)
First English colony in America, near St. John - New Found land
It failed due to mutinies
Was killed on his return from second voyage.
sir walter raleigh
Led England's colonization of North America
Half brother of Gilbert
Named Virginia after Queen Elizabeth I
Granted charter in 1584
Eventually was beheaded in 1618
the "lost colony"
Established 1585 at Roanoke Island, North Carolina
Reestablished 1587, different location
Returned in 1590, delayed by war with Spain, colony was gone.
All that remained was "CROATOANS" name of friendly local tribe.
116 men, women and children gone.
Member of the council, secured food from Indians
Built fortifications, planted food and stock firewood.
Arrested and released, hurt in explosion
Legend of being saved by Pocahontas
Credited with saving colony
Saved the colony financially by cultivating tobacco.
Each settler was allowed 50 acres of land
Married Pocahontas (1614), became lady Rebecca
(Pocahontas) Died 1618, son Thomas became important settler.
William Bradford, governor
Miles Standish- led militia
Form of direct democracy, rule by majority, and fair treatment under the law.
Governor of Colony 1630-1649
Elected 12 times
"City upon a hill"
Opposed limited democracy
Banished Anne Hutchinson
163 founded by Roger Williams
non-conformist, expelled from Massachusetts in 1635.
questioned legal establishment of religion.
break from Church of England
questioned moral and legal justification for the seizure of Indian lands.
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