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20 terms

Psychology Final Exam Practice Test

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An irrational, persistent fear of something is called a ________.
Phobia
According to Thomas and Chess, a child that is very irregular in sleeping and eating, resists change, and tends to be loud is labeled a(n) ________ child
Difficult
A few days after giving birth to her daughter, Natane felt anxious about being a new mother and found herself crying for no good reason at odd moments throughout the day. If Natane sometimes feared she might hurt her baby or had thoughts of suicide, she most likely was experiencing ________.
Postpartum depression
The tendency to respond to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus is called ________.
Stimulus Generalization
The process by which experience results in a relatively permanent change in what one is capable of doing is called:
Learning
Which of Erik Erikson's psychosocial crises revolves around the child's learning to direct his or her own behavior?
Autonomy versus shame and doubt
The _______ is to involuntary muscles as the _______ is to voluntary muscles.
Autonomic nervous system; somatic nervous system
The area of the frontal lobe that is devoted to the production of fluent speech is _____ area.
Broca's
Any behavior that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life is considered ________.
Maladaptive
Repeating items over and over in order to aid memory is known as ________ rehearsal.
Maintenance
Endorphins help the body ____________________.
Control pain
When the exposure to a feared object is rapid and intense rather than slow and gradual, it is called ________.
Flooding
When children observe their same-sex parents behaving in certain ways and imitate that behavior, a psychologist uses which theory to explain the situation?
Social learning theory
Which is the most likely prototype for the concept "vehicle"?
Car
A(n) ________ is a measure of the relationship between two or more variables.
correlation
The tendency to perceive and approach problems in the same ways that have worked in the past is called ________.
mental state
The term blind observers refers to people who ____________________.
do not know what the research question is
Stimulants are often called ________ because they speed up the nervous system.
uppers
People with ________ disorders have an excessively rigid, maladaptive pattern of behavior and ways of relating to others.
personality
According to Robert Sternberg, ________ is best described as "street smarts,"or the ability to use information to get along in life. People who have it know how to be tactful, how to manipulate situations to their advantage, and how to use inside information to increase their odds of success.
practical intelligence