Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
PSYC-2301 Lipscomp exam 3
Terms in this set (71)
How do psychologist define the terms Personality?
a pattern of characteristic thoughts behaviors and emotions on how in individual responds in certain situations. Some believe it alerts from different situations.
How do psychologist define the terms personality trait?
a measurable quantity or trait.
Costa and McCrae Big Five trait Theory
neurotism ,extrovert,openness to experience, condcientiouness, agreeableness
Sigmund freuds Psychoanalytic theory of personality.
The forces of the unconscious and conscious mind. We are largely controlled by forces of our consciousness. Adult personality is set by age 5 or 6.
Sexual drive that only exist in the unconscious mind. Pushes us toward achieving sexual pleasure. Freud believes we are born with this
The go between from id and super ego. Used to find the real life ways of satisfying the urges of the id.
Moral conscious of the mind our moral component. We learn this through the interactions of people. Used to make the id feel guilty.
Here and now. Not important in Freud theory
Like a long term memory. Houses thoughts that you arent fully aware of but can become aware.
Huge deep dark vast memories of experiences. You are unaware of this. Has the deep dark animalistic desire that want to keep you going in life.
When our mind is constantly trying to reduce anxiety we use this unconscious mechanism. They distort reality and we do not know we are using them.
something we see as negative and seeing others doing it we lesson it on ourselves
theory states there are two unconscious mind.
Same in everyone and born into you and pass from generations and changes from each one.
Shaped by your own personal life experiences.
Deep unconscious energy and symbols that help us understand stuff we have not learned and do not have to be taught.
Live their life in their heads
respond better to things in the outer world
His theory believed humans had a striving towards superiority.
Striving towards self improvement towards one self. Being better than they were were today tomorrow .
Compensating the loss of one thing and trying to have another ability that is better than everyone else. It can turn into pathology.
major criticisms of Freud theory
Not testable. No evidance to support. Very sexist theory dominated towards men
a organism responding to our needs and wants that gets us rewards and avoids punishment
behavior ,environment, personal cognitive factors
Focus on the person mind and constantly wanting to grow.
Carl rodgers theory
Self concept. If we have a more positive self we will be a more congruent person.
Person on the inside matches the person on the outside
Different on the inside than on the outside. Always looking for acceptance of others.
Conditional positive regard
Parent telling their child they will love them if you do everything i sat and the way i want and if not i will stop loving you. They will have a "i love myself" mindset with string attached.
Unconditional Positive Regard
Parent telling the child they will love them no matter what because you are my child. More open. When child gets older they accept themselves regadless of success of failure. Love with no strings attached.
Link between genes and personality
There is a link
Identical twins raised apart are found as adults are the same in ways more than paternal twins.
Shades of grey a concept that depends on time and place and differs between cultures.
Deviates from the norms of society
Adnormal behavior that is potentially harmfull.
A group of disorders involving high levels of negative emotions such as fear, nervousness and dread.
Somatic Symptom disorders
A group of disorders involving symptoms of physical health problems or an irrational fear regarding physical health with no apparent physical cause in each case, medical evaluation cannot determine an actual physical cause therefore, a psychological cause may be presumed no loss of contact with reality.
A group of disorders involving a sudden change in memory or identity with no apparent physical cause - to dissociate means to separate from -- persons with dissociative disorders have likely suffered a deep psychological trauma - it is assumed that their minds have unconsciously separated from the pain of the trauma either in the form of amnesia or loss of identity -- dissociative disorders include:
Major depressive disorders
Depression that is long-term, considerably debilitating, and not caused by drugs or other organic cause.
Formerly called "manic-depression" - diagnosis requires the person experience at least one full-blown manic episode (defined below) and will also likely (but not necessarily) involve a shift from mania to a full-blown depressive episode (see above) -- person often will fluctuates between episodes of mania and depression (over the course of several days/weeks).
the major form of psychosis (loss of reality) diagnosed -- along with bipolar disorder and major depression is one of the three major mental disorders -- affects just over 1% of the population -- happens most commonly between the ages of 15 and 45 -- onset typically in the late teens to mid 20s -- considered to be a primarily biologically based brain disorder -- may be triggered or made worse by stressful situations.
Myths about schizophrenia
All schizophrenic persons are violent and dangerous" -- not true -- some may be but most are so withdrawn they aren't violent.
Schizophrenia and DID or 'multiple personality' are the same thing" -- not true -- diagnosed in two separate categories -- schizophrenia is a form of psychosis, DID is not
"Schizophrenic persons are fine until, one day, they just snap" -- not true -- symptoms develop gradually over months if not years.
disorders involving long-term patterns of maladaptive behavior seen in interactions with others. Must be at least 18 or older for diagnosis as personality is still forming / maturing prior to adulthood.
Anorexia, bulimia nervosa
problems in ability to perform sexually, desire for sex, sexual arousal, inability to achieve orgasm, or pain during sex. Some examples include:
Paraphilia refers to an extreme, intense erotic fixation on some inanimate object, ritual or situation. In other words, when an individual requires some unusual object, situation, or ritual to achieve sexual arousal and pleasure.
The "aha" moment develop and realization of self analysis
Focus more on trying to change their outward behavior more than their thoughts
Freud psychoanalysis therapy
Have the client gain insight into unconscious conflict and probe the unconscious mind.
Release of pent up emotion and thoughts
Client says anything that comes to mind not matter what
Thought it was the closet thing to clients unconscious mind
put out ideas and let the client respond to see how they feel about it.
can come through interpretation. Client tries to deny things.
Rare. Client targets the therapist and treats them like their mother or father
Carl Rodgers Client centered therapy
Also known as person centered therapy. It is used to help achieve selfactualization to get them growing and changing. More towards greater since of congruent.
Non directive therapy
Client leads the way. picks what they want to talk about and the theapist should not give advice.
Reflect their emotional content so they can have lot of emotional feed back.
3 essiental elements for effective therapeutic climate
Guiness: therpaist should not be fake.
Empathy: therapist must be put themself in the client shoes.
Unconditional positive regard: what the person did not receive in childhood.
to change the client thinking process. Weed out the maladaptive thinking and put in more productive thinking.
Albert Elisis irrational thinking
1.must be perfect at everything they do
2. must be loved by and approved by everyone i meet or i am a terrible person
3. i must get my way and if i dont the world is a terrible and i will feel bad about it.
Take the maladaptive behavior and find a way to change that behavior. If successful it will change how they think and their emotions.
taking the client and working up their heiachy of fears. Used to help get rid of phobias
Device that helps get rid of a arousal that it is bad.
Effective in reliving the symptoms of mental disorders. THEY DO NOT CURE THE DISORDER. only work as long as person takes the med
Anti anixty drugs
Used to treat fears and anxiety. Makes the person not care about their problems even if still there. ALL DRUGS IN THIS CATEGORY ARE ADDICTIVE
Anti psychotic drugs
Used for schzipherina, and psycosis. Help the cliens come back to a greater point of reality.
Anti depressant drugs
Reasonably effective. They do not work right away. Not addictive.
Mood stabilizer drugs
Used to treat bipolar and manic.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
Used for people with long time chronic depression that cant be cured by medication. Can cause temporary and sometimes permanent memory loss.
Recommended textbook explanations
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Sets with similar terms
Psychological Disorders and Psychotherapy
Ap Psychology Units 12 & 13
Psych 205 - Final Exam
Other sets by this creator
Texas History 2301.S03 Professor: James Blackshear…
GOV FINAL REVIEW COLLIN COLLEGE
General Psych 2301 Stallings Collin college