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15 terms

AP Psych Chpt 14

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behavioral medicine
a field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies it to health and disease
health psychology
a field that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
stress
how we perceive and cope with environmental threats and challenges
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in 3 stages-alarm, resistance, exhaustion
coronary heart disease
the clogging of vessels that nourish the heart muscle
Type A
Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people
Type B
Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people
psychophysiological illness
"mind-body" illness - any stress-related physical illness
lymphocytes
the 2 types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system
coping
alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods
problem-focused coping
attempting to alleviate stress directly - by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor
emotion-focused coping
attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction
aerobic exercise
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness - may alleviate depression and anxiety
biofeedback
a system of recording, amplifying, and feeding back information about subtle physiological responses
complementary and alternative medicine
unproven health care treatments not taught widely in medical schools, not used in hospitals, and not usually reimbursed by insurance companies