Ancient Egypt Review

STUDY
PLAY
delta
fertile, flat land made of silt dropped by a river as it drains into a larger body of water
pharaoh
ruler of ancient Egypt
mummy
a specially treated body wrapped in cloth for preservation
pyramids
tombs or burial places for the pharaohs
hieroglyphics
writing system in ancient Egypt using picture-signs
papyrus
reed plants pressed together to form a kind of paper
social pyramid
a triangle chart that shows the rank of people in its society
dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family
Rosetta Stone
a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek and a later form of Egyptian that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing
imports
goods brought in from other regions
exports
items sent to other regions for trade
sphinx
an imaginary creature with a human head and the body of a lion that was often shown on Egyptian statues
silt
a mixture of fertile soil and tiny rocks that make land ideal for farming
cataract
rapids along a river, such as those along the Nile in Egypt
afterlife
life after death, much of Egyptian religion focused on the afterlife
peasants
In ancient Egypt, most people belonged to the social class of....
True
Women in Egypt could own land, run a business, and be a pharaoh. TRUE or FALSE
prisoners of war
Where did Egypt get most of their slaves?
scribe
What job could help you move up the social ladder?
when he was crowned
When did the planning for a pharaoh's tomb begin?
Roman Empire
In 31 BC, Egypt became part of the ________________ Empire
weak and divided
Toward the end of the Old Kingdom, the government became....
by maintaining absolute power
Egyptian rulers governed their empire...
building pyramids
In the Old Kingdom, pharaohs showed their power by doing what?
Napoleon Bonaparte
Who led his army into Egypt and discovered many important artifacts?
uniting Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
The greatest achievement of the pharaoh Menes was...
Hatshepsut
Who was the first female pharaoh?
explaining natural events to people
Religion played an important part in Egyptian life by...
New Kingdom
Thutmose III was a powerful pharaoh during which kingdom?
False
The flooding of the Nile provided protection for Egyptians and Nubian's from invaders. TRUE or FALSE
to predict the flooding of the Nile
Ancient Egyptian astronomers studied the stars to.....
planting season
Lives of Egyptian peasants were greatly influenced by the...
Kerma
Which city became wealth by creating expensive hand-made tools, jewelry, and pottery?
gold
Which natural resource did Nubia have that Egyptians wanted?
iron
The Nubian kingdom of Meroe became rich when they took control of trade routes by using ___________ weapons (hint: think about the natural resources of Meroe)
yes
ANSWER THIS QUESTION WITH YES OR NO: Nubia was a center for trade because of its location between Egypt and Central Africa
no
ANSWER THIS QUESTION WITH YES OR NO: Slaves were included in the social class structure of Egypt?
public works, constructing buildings, and irrigation projects
What did the pharaohs of the Middle Kingdom spend their money on?
lower class
Which social class would most likely work on they pyramids? The upper class, middle class, or lower class?
maple wood
What was the resource that Egyptians did NOT trade?
because the soil left by the Nile's floods is dark
Why did the Egyptians call their land Kemet, "the black land"?
Thutmose III
What was a powerful pharaoh during the New Kingdom? (hint: he was the step-son of Hatshepsut)
The west was the land of the dead
Why were the pyramids and tombs built on the western banks of the Nile?
because Nubia had gold and lots of natural resources
Why would Egypt want to take away Nubia's land?
Upper Nubia
The kingdoms of Kerma, Napata, and Meroe were located in what region of Nubia?
Howard Carter
Who discovered King Tut's tomb?
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.