Ancient Egypt Review


Terms in this set (...)

fertile, flat land made of silt dropped by a river as it drains into a larger body of water
ruler of ancient Egypt
a specially treated body wrapped in cloth for preservation
tombs or burial places for the pharaohs
writing system in ancient Egypt using picture-signs
reed plants pressed together to form a kind of paper
social pyramid
a triangle chart that shows the rank of people in its society
a series of rulers from the same family
Rosetta Stone
a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek and a later form of Egyptian that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing
goods brought in from other regions
items sent to other regions for trade
an imaginary creature with a human head and the body of a lion that was often shown on Egyptian statues
a mixture of fertile soil and tiny rocks that make land ideal for farming
rapids along a river, such as those along the Nile in Egypt
life after death, much of Egyptian religion focused on the afterlife
In ancient Egypt, most people belonged to the social class of....
Women in Egypt could own land, run a business, and be a pharaoh. TRUE or FALSE
prisoners of war
Where did Egypt get most of their slaves?
What job could help you move up the social ladder?
when he was crowned
When did the planning for a pharaoh's tomb begin?
Roman Empire
In 31 BC, Egypt became part of the ________________ Empire
weak and divided
Toward the end of the Old Kingdom, the government became....
by maintaining absolute power
Egyptian rulers governed their empire...
building pyramids
In the Old Kingdom, pharaohs showed their power by doing what?
Napoleon Bonaparte
Who led his army into Egypt and discovered many important artifacts?
uniting Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
The greatest achievement of the pharaoh Menes was...
Who was the first female pharaoh?
explaining natural events to people
Religion played an important part in Egyptian life by...
New Kingdom
Thutmose III was a powerful pharaoh during which kingdom?
The flooding of the Nile provided protection for Egyptians and Nubian's from invaders. TRUE or FALSE
to predict the flooding of the Nile
Ancient Egyptian astronomers studied the stars to.....
planting season
Lives of Egyptian peasants were greatly influenced by the...
Which city became wealth by creating expensive hand-made tools, jewelry, and pottery?
Which natural resource did Nubia have that Egyptians wanted?
The Nubian kingdom of Meroe became rich when they took control of trade routes by using ___________ weapons (hint: think about the natural resources of Meroe)
ANSWER THIS QUESTION WITH YES OR NO: Nubia was a center for trade because of its location between Egypt and Central Africa
ANSWER THIS QUESTION WITH YES OR NO: Slaves were included in the social class structure of Egypt?
public works, constructing buildings, and irrigation projects
What did the pharaohs of the Middle Kingdom spend their money on?
lower class
Which social class would most likely work on they pyramids? The upper class, middle class, or lower class?
maple wood
What was the resource that Egyptians did NOT trade?
because the soil left by the Nile's floods is dark
Why did the Egyptians call their land Kemet, "the black land"?
Thutmose III
What was a powerful pharaoh during the New Kingdom? (hint: he was the step-son of Hatshepsut)
The west was the land of the dead
Why were the pyramids and tombs built on the western banks of the Nile?
because Nubia had gold and lots of natural resources
Why would Egypt want to take away Nubia's land?
Upper Nubia
The kingdoms of Kerma, Napata, and Meroe were located in what region of Nubia?
Howard Carter
Who discovered King Tut's tomb?

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