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Blood ph below normal (less then 7.35 in arterial blood). It can be either metabolic (bicarbonate deficit) or respiratory (carbonic acid excess)
A hormone secreted from the adrenal cortex; the principle mineral corticosteroid. Aldosterone causes the kidney to excrete K+ and reabsorb Na+ causing water to be reabsorbed
Blood pH above normal (greater than 7.45 in arterial blood). It can be either metabolic (bicarbonate excess) or respiratory (carbonic acid deficit)
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
A hormone secreted from the pituitary mechanism that causes the kidney to conserve water.
a sign elicited by tapping the facial nerve about 2cm anterior to the earlobe, just below the zygomatic process. The response is a spasm of the muscles supplied by the facial nerve.
a substance that does not dissolve into a true solution and is not capable of passing through a semipermeable membrane; opposite of crystalloid
a substance that forms a true solution and, therefore, is capable of passing through a semipermeable membrane; opposite of colloid.
extracellular fluid (ECF)
body fluid located outside the cell. It consists of two types: interstitial (tissue fluid) and intra vascular (plasma)
a fluid having an osmolality greater than that with which it is compared (usually plasma)
movement of water molecules from an area of lesser solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration
Hydrogen ion (H+) concentration. Acidity increases as H+ increases. Because of an inverse relationship between pH and H+ concentration, the pH value decreases as acidity increases.
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