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Terms in this set (21)

-Hunting and Gathering: Simplest form of society: small in size; nomadic; very little surplus development; most -equalitarian of all societies
-Pastoral and Horticultural: transformation from hunting/gathering to Pastoral/Horticultural; 1st social revolution; spurred by domestication of plants/animals; marked by creation of food surpluses which allowed for increases in population sizes and a division of labor; feuds and wars erupted;
-Agricultural: 2nd social revolution; spurred by invention of the plow about 5,000-6,000 years ago which created a much larger food surplus, allowing people to engage in other activities besides farming (cities developed); concentration of resources and power, along with the oppression of the powerless, forerunner of the state
-Industrial: 3rd social revolution; began in Great Britain in the middle 18th century with the introduction of the steam engine; characterized by harnessing of mechanical power sources, and the emergence of manufacturing as the major sources of power, wealth, and prestige; individuals who first utilized new technology accumulated great wealth, contrasting means of production/dictating the conditions; huge surplus of labor; pattern of growing inequality eventually reversed as laborers began to organize/fight for better living conditions; slavery abolished, more representative political systems
-Postindustrial: characterized by the movement away from production/manufacturing to service industries; 4th social revolution; us first country to have more than 50a5 of its workforce employed in service industries; basic component: info and its transformation of everyday social life
Physical and mental health:
Lower classes live shorter lives. Higher classes have better access to medical care and receive better service. Mental health is worse for the lower class because of stresses associated with their class position. Upper class are better able to afford vacations, psychiatrists and counselors reducing effects of stress.
Family Life: Rate of divorce or never married higher among the lower social classes due to challenges of inadequate income.
Children of the lower classes are more likely to live in single-parent households.
Education: Education levels increase as one moves up the social ladder. Social class affects the type of education one is likely to receive, such as by passing public schools in favor of exclusive private schools
Religion: Lower classes are attached to spontaneous worship services, such as that found with Baptists, while higher classes prefer more restrained worship services such as those found Methodists.
Political Views : The Lower classes likely to vote democrat, while those in higher classes vote republican. People in the working class are more likely to be liberal on economic issues (more gov. spending) and more conservative on social issues (opposition to abortion). Higher classes more likely to vote/get involved in politics.
Criminal Justice System: The white collar crimes of the upper classes are handled less formally and with less severity, than the street crimes of the lower classes.
Lower classes are more likely to be arrested, be under correctional supervision, and to love in neighborhoods more ridden with crime.