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Seton history grade 8 chapter 16 test Q & A's

What invention made cotton such a profitable crop in the South?

the cotton gin

Aside from the lower cost of cotton clothing, what development in the North increased the demand for cotton?


How did the ever-increasing demand for cotton make slavery more profitable in the South?

slavery was free labor and that made slavery a rich trade, and since cotton was in high demand the southerners could make good money on cotton.

In the early nineteenth century, which country took the lead in the world movement against slavery?


Identify each of the following opponents of slavery, telling what each one is most noted for:

William Lloyd Garrison

he published a newspaper against slavery

Nat Turner

he led a group of slaves against their masters in virginia

Harriet Beecher Stowe

she published a book called Uncle Tom's Cabin which emphasized the worst in slavery.

John Brown

john brown was a extreme abolitionist who had been active on making kansas a free state. he led raids on pro-slavery settlements. he was a trouble causer for the south

Give one argument that some Southerners used to try to justify slavery

they argued that the slaves on the plantation had a happier life than the poorly paid factory laborers in the north.

When the Pope condemned the African slave trade, what effect did it have on American Catholics?

none. as were other political issues.

What was the Missouri Compromise?

that maine and missouri be added to the union so in congress they would have equal votes. (equal number of slave states and non-slave states.)

What was the Underground Railroad?

from the border of the slave states to Canada definite routes for escape were marked out. all along the way were "stations" where fleeing slaves could stop. these stations had food and a place to hide during the day.

The Compromise of 1850

a. What did the Compromise determine in regard to California

the compromise of 1850 was made when California wanted to be admitted to the union. the five parts were: first california would be admitted as a free state. second the slave markets in the District of Columbia would be closed. Third the states to be formed from the territories of New Mexico and Utah would decide for themselves if they were to become slave or free. Fourth fugitive slaves would be returned to their owners. Fifth Texas would give up some of its land for ten million dollars so it could pay its debt.

What did it determine in regard to the District of Columbia

no more slave markets could be opened

What did it determine in regard to runaway slaves

the northerners had to return runaways and people who were freed or never were slaves.

How did the fugitive slave law lead to an increase in the activity of the Underground Railroad?

because many people couldn't stand these new laws so they helped blacks escape to canada

How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act make "Bloody Kansas" a battleground

because many northerners and southerners came to present its ideas to make Kansas a free or not free state.

When the Supreme Court handed down the Dred Scott Decision, why were Southerners overjoyed and Northerners enraged

the court decided that living in a free state didnt make a slave free. a slaveholder could take his property anywhere and the missouri comprimise was unconstitional.

In the Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858 .
a. what was Douglas's position regarding slavery in new territories

his position was each state should decided for itself.

what was Lincoln's position

he considered slavery morally wrong.

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