the compromise of 1850 was made when California wanted to be admitted to the union. the five parts were: first california would be admitted as a free state. second the slave markets in the District of Columbia would be closed. Third the states to be formed from the territories of New Mexico and Utah would decide for themselves if they were to become slave or free. Fourth fugitive slaves would be returned to their owners. Fifth Texas would give up some of its land for ten million dollars so it could pay its debt.