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Chapter 1 review
Terms in this set (46)
smallest unit of a living thing that can carry out the basic processes of life
English scientist that discovered cells in 1665
one-celled organism that carries out all its life processes
a living thing
many celled organism
basic structure inside of a cell that helps them perform life processes
flexible wrapping around the cell that controls what materials move into and out of the cell.
gel like liquid inside the cell- the organelles float inside here
the cell's control center - can usually be seen with a microscope
oval, membrane covered organelle that supplies energy for the cell
a membrane covered structure used for storage. Can store water, food or wastes
a stiff structure outside the cell membrane that provides the plant with strength and extra support
a green structure where the energy from the sunlight is used to produce food for the plant
the chemical in Chloroplasts that absorbs the sunlight
similar cells working together at the same job or function
a group of tissues that work togethr to perform a specific function
organs that work together to perform a certain function
the basic unit of structure and function of living things
too small to be seen without using a microscope
any living thing that maintains vital life processes
the thin covering that surrounds every cell
the part of a cell that directs all of the cell's activities
the jellylike material inside a cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus
not all are harmful/single-celled
found in the cytoplasm of many plant cells/make food for plant cells
have structures not found in animal cells
store nutrients, water, or waste materials until the cell uses or releases these substances
the "powerhouses" of a cell/release energy from nutrients
threadlike structures that contain information about the characteristics of the cell.
directs all the cell's activities, including reproduction/inside are chromosomes/it can divide when a cell reproduces
most are surrounded by membranes/each has a specific function that helps the cell/ help keep the cell alive
protect the cell/holds its contents together/controls what goes in and out of the cell
an organism of only one cell
consumes other organisms
study of cells
who was the first person to see a cell
Which of these biologists suggested that all animal tissues are composed of cells?
Which of the following is not a part of the cell theory?
1. all cells are basic unit of life
2. anything that is living is composed of cells.
3. the chemical reaction that occur in an oranism.
a person who studies plants
a person who studies animals
dicovered that cells are made from other cells, created the cell theory.
the specialized structures within cell are called
in general equaryotes are more complex than prokaryotes because equaryotes have
membrane bound organelles
do prokarotes have a nucleus
the difference between heterotrophs and autotrophs is that autotrophs
must obtain their food from the environment
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