English Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

Metaphor
Comparing two things by saying that one thing is another. E.g "my love is a red, red rose".
Personification
Giving animals,objects or ideas human characteristics. E.g "time shuffles on slippered feet." "The wind moaned and howled".
Simile
A comparison between two different things using like, or as. E.g "the house was as empty as a tomb"
Onomatopoeia
The sound of the word echoes its meaning. E.g Murmur of innumerable bees"
Alliteration
Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of closely grouped words. E.g The gnarled knife nicked my nose
Rhyme
The use of words with the same sounds to create a pattern - usually at the end of lines. E.g Tyger, tyger, burning bright / In the forests of the night.
Rhythm
The stress patterns in poetry that give it it's movement. E.g The curfew tolls the knells of parting day.
Imagery
Mental Pictures or impressions created by words or sentences. (These are not only visual pictures. They can be impressions of taste, texture, sound or smell).
Symbol
Something that represents more than what it is in a literal scene. E.g Harry Potters scar
Oxymoron
A figure of speech that contains opposite or contradictory terms. E.g Parting is such sweet sorrow.
Euphemism
A gentler way saying something unpleasant. E.g My dog was put to sleep.
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem
Connotations
The suggestion or implication evoked by a word, phrase or statement. E.g HOME suggest family, warmth, security, comfort.
Allusion
A reference to a well known text or event. E.g David, David, wherefore art thou?

EFFECT: can create an added dimension to an image often by a comparison between similar quantities in the subject and in what is being alluded to
Theme
The central idea or meaning of a poem.
Persona
The main character in a poem Not to be confused with the author
Mood
The feeling or atmosphere created by a literary work. E.g brooding, melancholy, joyous, ironic.
Jargon
the language, esp, the vocabulary, specific to a particular trade, profession, group. E.g Kia ora, Molecules,
Denotation
the primary meaning of a word, such as its dictionary definition or literal meaning
Cliche
a phrase or opinion that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought.
Emotive Language
language that arouses strong feeling e.g euphoric, devastating, ignite.
Hyperbole
an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally. EFFECT: they can be used to exaggerate or emphasise a point.