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U.S. History Ch. 16- The Progressives (Thur) 11/3/16
Terms in this set (39)
(1849-1914) Newspaper reporter, reformer, and photographer; his book, 'How the Other Half Lives', shocked Americans with its descriptions of slum conditions and led to tenement housing legislation in New York.
group of reform movements of the late 1800s that focused on urban problems, the plight of workers, and corrupt political machines
a term coin for journalists who "raked up" and exposed corruption and problems of society
(1857-1944) Investigative journalist; she wrote a report condemning the corrupt business practices of John D. Rockefeller in 'McClure's' magazine. These articles became the basis for her book, 'The History of the Standard Oil Company'.
(1866-1936) Muckraker and managing editor of 'McClure's magazine; he exposed government corruption in his 1904 book, 'The Shame of the Cities'.
Robert M. La Follette
(1855-1925) Progressive American politician; he was active in local Wisconsin issues and challenged party bosses. As governor, he began the reform program called the Wisconsin Idea to make state government more professional.
(1913) allowed American voters to directly elect U.S. senators
a method of allowing voters to propose a new law on the ballot for public approval
a procedure that allows voters to approve or reject a law already proposed or passed by government
a vote to remove an official from office
a ban on alcohol that became law in 1920; the ban was lifted in 1933
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
reform organization that led the fight against alcohol in the late 1800s
(1839-1898) Temperance and women's suffrage advocate, she was a leader in the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) and the Prohibition Party.
(1846-1911) Temperance advocate; she took extreme measures to further her cause by entering saloons in her native state of Kansas and smashing bottles of alcohol with a hatchet.
(1919) a constitutional amendment that outlawed the production and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States; repealed in 1933
National Association of Colored Women
an organization founded in 1896 that worked to fight poverty, segregation, lynchings, and the persistence of Jim Crow laws
Susan B. Anthony
(1820-1906) American social reformer; she was active in the temperance, abolitionist, and women's suffrage movements and was co-organizer and president of the National Woman Suffrage Association.
National American Woman Suffrage Association
(NAWSA) an organization founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in 1890 to obtain women's suffrage
(1858-1919) Twenty-sixth president of the United States; he focused his efforts on trust busting, environmental conservation, and strong foreign policy
a platform used to publicize and seek support for important issues
Theodore Roosevelt's 1904 campaign slogan; expressed his belief that the needs of workers, business, and consumers should be balanced
(1903) law passed by Congress which prohibited railroads from accepting rebates from their best customers
(1906) law that authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to set maximum railroad rates and gave it the power to regulate other companies engaged in interstate commerce
(1878-1968) Novelist whose 1906 book, 'The Jungle', depicted the unsanitary conditions at a meatpacking plant. Public outcry from the book led to consumer-protection laws.
Meat Inspection Act
(1906) law that required government inspection of meat shipped across state lines
Pure Food and Drug Act
(1906) law that forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of food and patent medicine containing harmful ingredients, and required that containers of food and medicines carry ingredient labels
(1838-1914) Naturalist who believed the wilderness should be preserved in its natural state. He was largely responsible for the creation of Yosemite National Park in California.
Newlands Reclamation Act
(1902) law that allowed the federal government to build irrigation projects to make marginal lands productive
(1865-1946) Conservationist who was chief of the Forest Service. Under his leadership millions of acres of land were added to the national forests under his leadership.
William Howard Taft
(1857-1930) Twenty-seventh president of the United States; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff. He lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
(1913) law that allowed Congress to levy taxes based on an individual's income
Hiram W. Johnson
(1866-1945) Governor of California and U.S. senator; he helped form the Progressive Party, or Bull Moose Party, and ran as its vice presidential candidate with Theodore Roosevelt in 1912.
(1856-1924) Twenty-eighth president of the United States; he proposed the League of Nations after World War I. His reform legislation included direct election of senators, prohibition, and women's suffrage. He also created the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Trade Commission, and he enacted child labor laws.
Woodrow Wilson's plan of reform which called for tariff reductions, banking reform, and stronger anti-trust legislation
Federal Reserve Act
(1913) law that created a central fund from which banks could borrow to prevent collapse during a financial panic
Clayton Antitrust Act
(1914) law that made illegal certain monopolistic business practices; it also legalized strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing
(1885-1977) American social reformer, suffragist, and activist; she was the founder of the National Woman's Party (NWP) that worked to obtain women's suffrage.
(1920) gave women the right to vote
(1906) the accusation of twelve members of the African American 25th Infantry of a shooting spree in Brownsville, Texas