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Ch 8 The Jefferson Era Summary
Terms in this set (56)
Which two candidates were for the Federalist party?
John Adams and Charles Pickney
Which two candidates were for the Democratic-Republic Party?
Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr
This election marked the first time one party replaced another. And the ____________amendment separate ballet for President and Vice President.
In campaigning, both sides had made their cases in ___________________. Both sides believed that if the other gained power, the nation would be destroyed. The campaigning was intense.
newspaper editorials and letters
Jefferson and Aaron Burr, his vice presidential running mate, each won 73 votes. After the thirty-sixth ballot in the House of Representatives, _____________ was elected President.
Jefferson gave his first speech in the new capitol. He said he supported the will of the _______________. Part of a process of building a federal city (Washington DC)
Jefferson was less formal and emphasized his belief in a ____________________________________.
limited government and the protection of civil liberties
Jefferson convinced Congress to let the ___________________ expire.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Jefferson lowered military and reduced the size of the army in order to ______________
pay the national debt
____________________ passed laws to end the unpopular whiskey tax and other domestic taxes.
The Republican-led Congress
What 3 things did Jefferson think were the most important functions of the federal government?
safeguarding the nation against foreign threats, delivering the mail, and collecting custom duties
In 1801 the national government was made up of only __________________.
several hundred people
Jefferson had fought ____________ over the creation of the Bank of the United States, but he did not close it.
Adams filled 16 _________ with Federalists before leaving office.
new federal judgeships
Republicans in Congress soon repealed the _______upon which Adams's appointments were based.
A controversy arose when Adams appointed ____________ as a justice of the peace.
The documents supporting Marbury's appointment were never delivered. When Jefferson took office, secretary of state _________ would not deliver them.
Marbury sued and asked the Supreme Court to order Madison to give him the documents. _____________wrote the Court's opinion in Marbury v. Madison.
John Marshall ruled that the law which Marbury's case depended upon was unconstitutional. The case established the Court's power of_____________.
Thousands of Americans moved into the area between the ____________.
Appalachians and the Mississippi River
The setters used the _____________ to move their products to eastern markets.
Mississippi and Ohio rivers
What Jefferson was concerned about?
that a foreign power might shut down the port of New Orleans, which settlers needed to move their goods East and to Europe.
Who governed New Orleans and Louisiana, which extended from the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains?
Under a secret treaty, Spain gave Louisiana to __________, transferring the problem of trying to keep Americans out of Louisiana.
What did Spain do In 1802, before giving Louisiana to France?
Spain shut American shipping out of New Orleans.
Why did Jefferson send U.S. representatives to France to meet Napoleon, the ruler of France?
to buy New Orleans.
Napoleon wanted to rebuild France's empire in North America. But he had no base for a conquest of Louisiana. What other reason did Napoleon agree to sell Louisiana?
He needed money to wage war against Great Britain
The United States bought the western territory for _____________ in the Louisiana Purchase.
Western Native Americans and the land they lived on were a mystery to others. President Jefferson wanted to know about them and their land. He also wondered if there was a river route to the ________________.
In 1803 Congress provided money to explore the ___________. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were chosen to lead the Lewis and Clark expedition, which began in May 1804.
Lewis and Clark and their crew traveled up the ______________.
Finally, they saw Native Americans, and Lewis used ______________ to tell their leaders that the United States now owned the land on which they lived.
_________________ aided Lewis and Clark. Lewis and Clark did not find a river route to the Pacific, but they learned much about western lands.
Sacagawea and her husband
In 1806 Zebulon Pike was sent to locate the ____________, which was the Louisiana Territory's border with New Spain. In present-day Colorado he reached the summit of Pike's Peak.
_______________ arrested him in Spanish-held lands and imprisoned him. When released he returned to the United States and reported on his trip. He gave many Americans their first information about the Southwest.
In the late 1700s and early 1800s, American merchant ships sailed the oceans. The profitable overseas trade was dangerous. ____________ seized cargo and held crews for ransom.
The United States sent the ______________and other ships to end the attacks.
When Great Britain and France declared war in 1803, each tried to stop the United States from selling goods to the other. The British and French searched many American ships for_______________.
Then Britain started searching American ships for __________ who had deserted the British navy. At times U.S. citizens were seized by accident.
Why did War Hawks in Congress led in demanding war against Britain?
The leaders wanted to end British influence on Native Americans; They resented British restraints on U.S. trade.
Why were Others were against war?
They believed America lacked the military strength to win.
In 1808 Republican ___________ was elected president. He had difficulty carrying on the unpopular trade policy.
In 1812 ____________asked Congress to vote on whether to wage war against Britain. Congress voted to declare war. Madison was again elected. He became commander in chief in the War of 1812.
In 1812 the United States launched a war against _______________.
a dominant nation, Britain.
The British navy had hundreds of ships. The U.S. Navy had fewer than____________, but the it boasted expert sailors and big new warships.
In early battles American morale ________when its ships defeated the British in several battles. Finally, the British blockaded U.S. seaports.
The U.S. planned to attack ____________from Detroit, from Niagara Falls, and from the Hudson River Valley toward Montreal.
British soldiers and Native Americans led by _____________took Fort Detroit. State militia doomed the other two attacks against Canada by arguing that they were not required to fight in a foreign country.
In 1813 the United States planned to end Britain's rule of ___________________.
Commodore ______________ and his small fleet won the Battle of Lake Erie.
Oliver Hazard Perry
_______________, with the US then marched his troops into Canada. He defeated a combined force of British and Native Americans, breaking Britain's power. Tecumseh died in the fighting, harming the alliance of the British and the Native Americans.
In 1814 Andrew Jackson won a battle against the Creek nation that ended in the ___________________.
Treaty of Fort Jackson
The British sent more troops to America after defeating the French in 1814. The British set fire to the ___________________.
White House and other buildings in Washington, D.C
The British also attacked New Orleans. Andrew Jackson commanded forces made up of regular soldiers. His forces included __________________, ________________, ________________. Although Jackson's forces were outnumbered, America won the Battle of New Orleans, the last key battle of the war. Andrew Jackson became a war hero.
two battalions of free African Americans, a group of Choctaw Indian militia, and pirates led by Jean Lafitte
Before Federalist delegates from the Hartford Convention reached Washington, the war had ended. Slow communications meant that neither Jackson nor the Federalists heard that the _________________ finished the war.
Treaty of Ghent
Each nation gave back the territory it had conquered. Yet the war had led to intense ____________ in America as well as growth in __________________.
patriotism; American manufacturing
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 7 Launching the Nation Summary
Chapter 5 Forming a Government Sec 1
American History Ch 13 Voc
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