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Review Questions from The American Pageant by Kennedy, Cohen, and Bailey.

All of the following economic developments were significant factors in enabling America to industrialize rapidly EXCEPT

(E) the sale of confiscated Confederate land and property

Which of the following two industries were most significantly expanded as a result of the completion of the transcontinental railroad?

(B) Mining and Agriculutre

Which effort represented the first attempt to regulate the monopolizing and pricing practices of the railroad corporations during this period?

(E) Laws passed by state legislatures regulating the monopolizing and pricing practices of the railroad corporations

Which of the following was NOT among the common forms of corruption practiced by the wealthy railroad barons?

(B) Requiring their employees to buy railroad stock as a condition of employment

Which of the following best describes the Europeans' approach to ownership of or investment in private companies in the US during this period?

(B) Allowing Americans to manage the business unless an economic crisis occurred

How did the American system of mass manufacturing of standardized, interchangeable parts influence the behavior of U.S. capitalists?

(C) It stimulated the replacement of skilled labor with machinery by U.S. capitalists

What two technological innovations greatly expanded the industrial employment of women in the late 19th century?

(A) the typewriter and the telephone

All of the following economic strategies were employed by the titans of industry during this period to maximize their corporations' profits EXCEPT

(E) Seeking stable labor relations with their workers by permitting collective bargaining with unions

Which of the following best describes the intellectual viewpoint of Andrew Carnegie as expressed in The Gospel of Wealth?

(B) the wealthy should exhibit moral and social responsibility in their use of their God- given money

Which entity was the first prosecuted for alleged restraint-of-trade violations by the U.S. government using the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890?

(B) Labor unions

All of the following were major attractions for potential investors on southern manufacturing industries EXCEPT

(E) a well-educated and ethnically diverse workforce

Despite generally rising wages in the 19th century, industrial workers were extremely vulnerable to all of the following EXCEPT

(C) new educational requirements for jobs

Which of the following was NOT a strategy utilized by late- 19th century employers to gain leverage over workers who were seeking to improve their wages and working conditions?

(A) closed shop

All of the following were reasons that the Knights of Labor ultimately failed to sustain its union independence and membership by the 1890's EXCEPT

(E) racial and gender exclusiveness in its membership

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