Terms in this set (44)
Act of Supremecy
English act of Parliament that recognized Henry VIII as the Supreme Head of the Church of England
Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.
William Laud was an English bishop and academic. He was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1633, during the personal rule of Charles I. Arrested in 1640, he was executed in 1645
also known as the Little Parliament, the Nominated Assembly and the Parliament of Saints, came into being on 4 July 1653, and was the last attempt of the English Commonwealth to find a stable political form before the installation of Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector.
Battle of Marston Moor
The Battle of Marston Moor was fought on 2 July 1644, during the First English Civil War of 1642-1646.
The Bishops' Wars were conflicts, both political and military, which occurred in 1639 and 1640 centred on the nature of the governance of the Church of Scotland, and the rights and powers of the Crown.
Charles I was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649
Charles II was king of England, Scotland, and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland, and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death.
Diggers and Levelers
The Diggers were a group of Protestant radicals, sometimes seen as forerunners of modern anarchism, and also associated with agrarian socialism and Georgism. Gerrard Winstanley's followers were known as True Levellers in 1649 and later became known as Diggers, because of their attempts to farm on common land.
Divine Right of Kings
The doctrine that kings derive their authority from God, not from their subjects, from which it follows that rebellion is the worst of political crimes.
Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the last monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
Elizabethan Religious Settlement
The Elizabethan Religious Settlement, which was made during the reign of Elizabeth I, was a response to the religious divisions in England during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I. This response, described as "The Revolution of 1559", was set out in two Acts of the Parliament of England.
English Civil War
The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists over, principally, the manner of England's government.
The Exclusion Crisis ran from 1679 through 1681 in the reign of King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland. The Exclusion Bill sought to exclude the King's brother and heir presumptive, James, Duke of York, from the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland because he was Roman Catholic.
Fifth Monarchy Men
The Fifth Monarchists or Fifth Monarchy Men were active from 1649 to 1660 during the Interregnum, following the English Civil Wars of the 17th century.
Nothing daunted, in September Charles levied a Forced Loan. Earlier monarchs had occasionally ordered individual subjects to lend money in emergency, but Charles aimed at extracting the equivalent of five subsidies. Anyone who refused to "lend" (with virtually no hope of repayment) was to answer to the Privy Council.
The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605, in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England
Henry VIII was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death.
Independents reached particular prominence between 1642 and 1660, in the period of the English Civil War and of the Commonwealth and Protectorate, wherein the Parliamentary Army became the champion of Independent religious views against the Anglicanism or the Catholicism of Royalists
Irish Rebellion of 1641
The Irish Rebellion of 1641 began as an attempted by the Irish Catholic gentry, who tried to seize control of the English administration in Ireland to force concessions for Catholics.
James VI and I was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death.
James II and VII was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688
Kings Great Matter
THE KING'S GREAT MATTER - DIVORCE. By 1527 Henry and Catherine of Aragon had been married for 18 yrs. That marriage had only produced one surviving child, a daughter
The Long Parliament was an English Parliament which lasted from 1640 until 1660. It followed the fiasco of the Short Parliament which had been held for three weeks during the spring of 1640, and which in its turn had followed an 11-years parliamentary absence.
the title of the head of state in England during the later period of the Commonwealth between 1653 and 1659, first Oliver Cromwell (1653-58)
Mary I was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants led to the posthumous sobriquet "Bloody Mary"
New Model Army
The New Model Army of England was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and was disbanded in 1660 after the Restoration.
The highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons.
Philip II of Spain, called "the Prudent", was King of Spain, King of Portugal, King of Naples and Sicily, and during his marriage to Queen Mary I He wanted to be King of England and Ireland. He was also Duke of Milan.
The Popish Plot was a fictitious conspiracy concocted by Titus Oates that between 1678 and 1681 gripped the Kingdoms of England and Scotland in anti-Catholic hysteria.
The Puritans were a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to "purify" the Church of England from its "Catholic" practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
The Rump Parliament was the English Parliament after Colonel Thomas Pride purged the Long Parliament, on 6 December 1648, of those members hostile to the Grandees' intention to try King Charles I for high treason.
Second Civil War
The Second English Civil War was the second of three wars known collectively as the English Civil War, which refers to the series of armed conflicts
Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England
Ship money was a tax of medieval origin levied intermittently in the Kingdom of England until the middle of the 17th century. Assessed typically on the inhabitants of coastal areas of England, it was one of several taxes that English monarchs could levy by prerogative without the approval of Parliament.
The Short Parliament was a Parliament of England that sat from 13 April to 5 May 1640 during the reign of King Charles I of England, so called because it lasted only three weeks.
The Spanish Armada was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in August 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
The Stuart Restoration is the return of the House of Stuart to the English throne. After the ousting and murder of King Charles I in 1649, Oliver Cromwell became the Lord Protector, or ruler, of England. He died in 1658 and his son, Richard, did not have the respect of the army and he was soon ousted.
A member of the English political party opposing the exclusion of James II from the succession. It remained the name for members of the English
Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex KG PC was an English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540. Cromwell was one of the strongest and most powerful advocates of the English Reformation.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. Between the 1680s and 1850s, they contested power with their rivals, the Tories.
William III and Mary II
Were the co-regnants over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland