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Chapter 8 Section 1
Terms in this set (19)
After declaring independence what did the colonies do?
They created their own governments.
They wanted to make their political systems more _______.
Some tried to set up 3 branches of government. Why?
They wanted three branches to prevent the government from becoming too powerful.
To keep the government under control, some states included in their new state constitutions a Bill of RIghts. What is this?
A bill of rights is a list of rihts that are guaranteed the citizens.
Each state set up what type of government?
They had a republican form of government.
The Continental Congress agreed that the national government should be a __________.
The plan of government agreed upon was called
Articles of Confederation
Why did the new national government have few powers?
They were afraid that a strong government would lead to tyranny.
Each state had ____ vote.
The powers of the new national government were:
a. power to wage war
b. make peace
c. sign treaties
d. issue money
Powers left to the state included:
a. setting taxes
b. enforcing national laws
c. controlling lands west of Appalachian Mountains
Explain why some of the states refused to ratify the Articles of Confederation and how the problem was resolved.
The small states that didn't have western land felt that the states that did have land would sell it and use the money to pay off the war debts. They didn't think this was fair. Over three years, all western land was given up. All states ratified that Articles of Confederation by 1781.
The Confederation Congress passed two very important and successful laws:
the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance (1787).
It divided western lands into __________ which were six mile square plots of land. These were further divided into one mile square plots called _________. (p 226)
The land in the Northwest Territory became which six states?
Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin and part of Minnesota.
When a territory reached 5,000 free males who owned property, it could _____________________.
elect an assembly
When the population grew to 60,000, it could _________________________.
apply to become a state
The Northwest Ordinance outlawed what?
What are the weaknesses of the first government?
a. lacked power to enforce the laws
b. lacked power to levy taxes
c. lacked power to regulate trade between states
d. required all thirteen states to approve changes
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