When fitting a bridle, the bit should be 1/4 inch wider than pony;s mouth with no rust or sharp spots. when the bridle is in the mouth it should make 2 wrinkles on the side of the mouth.Browband shouldn't pinch the ears. the cavesson should be snug but not tight. you should be able to fit one finger under any parts of the bridle.
name basic rules of feeding.
1. feed small amounts often 2. feed plenty of roughage 3.feed according to ponys size. 4.changes of feed should be made gradually at least over 10 days. 5.feed on a regualr schedule 6.feed clean hay and water 7.salt should always be available
Describe how to care for mount after strenuous work.
pony must be cooled out properly otherwise he may get muscle cramps, chills, or colic. 1.walk pony 10 to 15 min. 2.give 1 or 2 swallows of lukewarm water every few min. 3.put on a anti sweat sheet 4. squeeze water/sweat out of coat
what does TPR stand for?
temperature, pulse , and respiration
2 indications horse mount may not be fit enough for work asked for.
-excessive sweating - heavy breathing
discuss amount of roughage and concentrates for own mount
Herky recieves free range of hay everyday, but I estimate that he eats the equivalent to 3 flakes in morning and 3 flakes in afternoon. He recieves no concentrstes.
5 horse sports offfered at USPC
-tetrathon - show jumping -dressage -eventing -polo
Discuss how to clean dirty stall.
1. pick up all manure 2. sort through bedding by turning it over 3. scrape bedding away from sides 4. throw against wall pick up pices that fall down 5. rebed the stall and bank it. 6. check for anything dangerous
discuss bebefits of a clean stall
safer and healthier and has fewer flies since flies breed in manure.
proper method of of hanging water bucket and haynet.
Tie hay net so horse won't get foot caught in it and low enough for him to reach it and don't atach it to same ring horse is attached to. hang at eye level.
discuss needs of horse at a overnight stay.
bring: -hay net -hay -bedding -water bucket -first aid kit -muck basket and shovel
name 6 horse breeds
arabian QH Paint appaloosa throughbred saddlebred
name 4 pony breeds
-POA -quarter pony -hackney -welsh
nave 5 draft breeds
Percheron, Clydsdale, friesan, shire, belgian
describe how to measure mount
from floor to withers. measured in hands. horse must stand evenly on solid flat even ground.
identify 20 parts of horse
know common conformation faults of neck
ewe neck: dips on top, bulges underneath bull neck: thick and short
common conformation faults of back
long back: long high and low wither: hard to fit saddle
common conformation faults of head
large head crooked head
common conformation faults of pasterns
short upright;: rough gaits sloping/long: weak legs
procedure for group crossing on public roadway
cross rode in a group at same time.
procedure for loading and unloading mount onto trailer
-make sure trailer is ready for loading -lead horse inside -tie pony with quic release not after all doors are closed! unloading: -untie pony -back pony out
3 rules of riding on privately owned land
-ask permision -stay off crops -close gates
discuss longing equiptment and use
name 3 parts of hoof.
-frog -bulbs of heel -sole
describe signs of horse need shoeing/trimming.
-long feet -cracked hoof -missing nails
discuss signs of thrush and hoof abscess
thrush: smelly odor,fungus that eats away the frog hoof abcess: look for limping, pick out hooves
describe critical area protected by shipping boots and reason for use.
boot protects leg from hoof to hock its used to protect leg from other horses, cuts, and bumps while rifing in a trailer.
describe stable bandage and 2 reasons why used.
for protection and warmth in the stalland to prevent legs from swelling
equiptment for travel
halter, shipping boots, tail bandage, sheet, head protector,.