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Arts and Humanities
World War 1 ID's
Terms in this set (20)
Definition - The alliance of Russia, France, and Great Britain.
Significance - They entered World War 1 as allies against the central powers . This was done in response to the formation of the Triple Alliance.
Definition - A secret government between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy formed in May 20, 1882.
Significance - The treaty made it so if one county was attacked, the others would assist. This continued on onto WW1.
Arch Duke Francis Ferdinand
Definition - An Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia and, from 1896 until his death in 1914.
Significance - Franz Ferdinand's assassination on June 28, 1914, at the hand of a Serbian terrorist group the "Black Hand," led to the beginning of World War I.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Definition - Wilhelm II or William II was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
Significance - He played a large role in causing the WW1 to happen but he had very little real role in the war once it began. He was pressured to sign the order for German mobilization and to declare war against Russia and France.
Definition - German army's plan for war against France and Russia . It was created by the German Chief of Staff Alfred von Schlieffen in 1903 the request of Kaiser Wilhelm II. It was revised in 1905.
Significance - It was made for the purpose of avoiding a war on two fronts.
Czar Nicholas II
Definition - Nicholas II or Nikolai II was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917,
Significance - He was a weak leader and led Russia into WW1 and eventually had to pull out of the war.
Definition - RMS Lusitania was a British ocean liner that was sunk by a German submarine in World War I, causing a major diplomatic uproar.
Significance - The sinking of RMS Lusitania on 7 May 1915 was a hugely significant event during the First World War. The ship was sunk by a torpedo, a fact indicative of the increased use of submarines in marine warfare, which helped it become even more dangerous than it had been previously.
Definition - An internal diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the event of the United States' entering World War I against Germany.
Significance -The Zimmermann Note, or telegram, was sent by German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann in 1917. He had sent it to his ambassador in Mexico and the goal was to get Mexico to become an ally of Germany. He offered a great deal of financial support along with Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico if they won the war.
Both Battle's of the Marne
Definition - A World War I battle in northwestern France where the Allies defeated the Germans in 1918.
Significance - On September 9, the exhausted Germans began a fighting retreat to the Aisne River. The Battle of the Marne was the first significant Allied victory of World War I, saving Paris and thwarting Germany's plan for a quick victory over France.
Definition - The Gallipoli Campaign of 1915-16, also known as the Battle of Gallipoli or the Dardanelles Campaign, was an unsuccessful attempt by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia during World War I.
Significance - A campaign that was supposed to end in a quick and decisive Allied victory became bogged down in the face of determined and resourceful Turkish resistance. Each side fired artillery shells at the other, sniped and fought at close quarters, yet the Allies were ultimately pinned down, unable to take the Turkish forts that commanded the heights of the peninsula. By December 1915 the campaign was deemed a failure, and the Allied forces withdrew.
Battle of the Somme
Definition - A battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire.
Significance - The Battle of the Somme started on July 1st 1916. It lasted until November 1916. For many people, the Battle of the Somme was the battle that symbolized the horrors of warfare in World War One; this one battle had a marked effect on overall casualty figures and seemed to epitomize the futility of trench warfare.
Battle of Verdun
Definition - The Battle of Verdun, fought from 21 February to 18 December 1916, was one of the largest and longest battles of the First World War on the Western Front between the German and French armies.
Significance - The Battle of Verdun in 1916 was the longest single battle of World War One. The casualties from Verdun and the impact the battle had on the French Army was a primary reason for the British starting the Battle of the Somme in July 1916 in an effort to take German pressure off of the French at Verdun.
Lawrence of Arabia (TE)
Definition - a British author, archaeologist, military officer, and diplomat.
Significance - Thomas Edward Lawrence, the British Army officer whose World War I exploits earned him fame as "Lawrence of Arabia," was such an enigmatic figure that sources even conflict about his precise birth date, which is reported as either August 15 or August 16, 1888.
Definition - Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) was the 28th President of the United States, serving two terms from 1913-1919. As president of Princeton University and later as governor of New Jersey, Wilson was a leading Progressive, arguing for a stronger central government and fighting for anti-trust legislation and labor rights.
Significance - Wilson tried to keep the United States neutral during World War I but ultimately called on Congress to declare war on Germany in 1917. After the war, he helped negotiate a peace treaty that included a plan for the League of Nations.
Definition - Georges Benjamin Clemenceau was a French politician, physician, and journalist who served as Prime Minister of France during the First World War. A leader of the Radical Party, he played a central role in the politics of the French Third Republic.
Significance - Clemenceau, who also became minister of war in the government, and played an important role in persuading the British to accept the appointment of Ferdinand Foch as supreme Allied commander. He also insisted that the exhausted French Army led the offensive against the German Army in the summer of 1918.
David Lloyd George
Definition - David Lloyd George (1863-1945) was a liberal British statesman who became prime minister during World War I.
Significance - After earning election to the House of Commons in 1890, he was named chancellor of the exchequer in 1908, and introduced health and unemployment benefits with the National Insurance Act of 1911.
Paris Peace Conference
Definition - The meeting of the Allied victors, following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers following the armistices of 1918.
Definition - The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for world peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918 speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
Significance - These points were later taken as the basis for peace negotiations at the end of the war. In this January 8, 1918, speech on War Aims and Peace Terms, President Wilson set down 14 points as a blueprint for world peace that was to be used for peace negotiations after World War I.
Treaty of Versailles
Definition - One of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Significance - Germany had formally surrendered on November 11, 1918, and all nations had agreed to stop fighting while the terms of peace were negotiated. On June 28, 1919, Germany and the Allied Nations (including Britain, France, Italy and Russia) signed the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the war.
League of Nations
Definition - An intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Significance - Formed by the victorious powers in 1919, the League of Nations was designed to enforce the Treaty of Versailles and the other peace agreements that concluded World War I. It was intended to replace secret deals and war, as means for settling international disputes, with open diplomacy and peaceful mediation.
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