Strayer Chapter 8 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
American Web
A term used to describe the network of trade that linked parts of pre-Colombia Americas; although less intense and complete than the Afro- European trade networks this web nonetheless provided the exchange for luxury goods and ideas over large areas
Black Death
the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
Borobudur
The largest Buddhism monument in the world, it is a mountainous ten-level monument with elaborate carving program
bubonic plague
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people. It was carried by fleas that were on rats.
Ghana, Mali, Songhay
A series of important states that developed in the western and central Sudan, in response to the economic opportunities of the trans-Saharan Trade
Great Zimbabwe
A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade of gold to the East African coast
Ibn Battuta
A famous Arab scholar, merchant and public official who visited much of the Islamic world and wrote a major account on what he saw
Indian Ocean trading network
The world's largest sea based system of communication and exchange, Indian commerce stretched from Southern China to Eastern Africa and not only exchanged luxury and bulk goods but also of ideas and crops
Jie people
A nomadic people who controlled much of Northern China and many converted to Buddhism
Malaysians
Speakers of Austronesian languages from what is now Indonesia who became major traders in Southeast Asia and Madagascar
Monsoons
seasonal wind pattern in southern Asia; a primary feature of India's climate
oasis of cities of Central Asia
Cities such as Merv, Samarkand, Khotan, and Dunhuang that became centers of trans-Eurasian trade
pochteca
professional merchants among the Aztecs
Sailendra
A kingdom of Central Java, noted for being deeply influenced by Indian Culture
Sand Roads
term used to describe the routes of the trans-Saharan trade in Africa
Silk Roads
Land-based trade routes that linked the distant people of Eurasia
Srivijaya
A Malay kingdom that dominated the Straights of Malacca and is noted for its creation of of a native/Indian hybrid culture
Sudan
From the Arabian term for "Land of black people" a large region of West Africa that became a major exchange circuit
Swahili Civilization
An East African civilization that emerged from blending of Bantu and Islamic and other Indian Ocean trade elements
Third-wave-civilizations
Civilizations that were typified by intensifying trade networks
Trans-Saharan slave trade
A very small-scale trade with West African slaves captured in raids being exported across the Sahara for sale mostly as house hold servants in Islamic North Africa; the difficulty of travel across the desert limited the scope of this trade
Venice
An Italian city that emerged as a major center of Mediterranean trade