Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
American Government: Power and Purpose 13th Edition chapter 5-7 Vocabulary Flashcards
Terms in this set (45)
The district making up the area from which an official is elected.
A representative votes according to the preferences of their constituency.
A representative who votes based on what they think in best for their constituency.
The type of representation according to which representatives are held accountable to their constituents if they fail to represent them properly. That is, constituents have to power to fire and hire their representatives.
A legislative assembly made up of two chamber, or houses.
A bill concerned solely with taxation and government spending.
Holding the political office for which one is running.
An effort by members of congress to gain the trust and support of constituents by providing personal services.
The resources available to higher officials, usually opportunities to make partisan appointments to offices and confer grants, licences, or special favors for supporters.
The appropriations made by legislative bodies for local projects that often are not needed but are created so that local representatives can carry their home district in the next election.
The apportionment of voters in such a way as to give unfair advantage to one political party.
Party Caucus/ Party Confrence
A nominally closed meeting of a political or legislative group to select candidates or leaders, plan strategy or make decisions regarding legislative matters.
Speaker of the House
The chief presiding officer of the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected at the beginning of every Congress on a straight party vote. They're the most important party and House leader.
The elected leader of the party that holds the majority of the seats in the House of Representatives or in the Senate. In the House the majority leader is subordinate to the Speaker.
The elected leader of the party that hold the minority of seats in the House of Representatives and the Senate.
A permanent legislative committee that considers legislation within it's designated subject area; the basic unit of deliberate in the House and the Senate.
The priority of status ranking given to a certain individual on the basis of length of continuous service on a congressional committee.
The provision by the House Rules Committee that prohibits the introduction of amendments during debate.
The provision by the House Rule Committee that permits floor debate and the introduction of amendments.
A tactic used by members of the Senate to prevent action on legislation they oppose by continuously holding the floor and speaking until the majority back down. Once given the floor senators have unlimited time to speak, and it requires cloture of three-fifths of the senate to end a filibuster.
A rule allowing a super-majority of the members of a legislative body to set a time limit on debate over a bill.
A joint committee created to work out a compromise on House and Senate versions of a piece of legislature.
The president's constitutional power to turn down acts of Congress within 10 days of their passage while Congress is in session. A presidential veto may be overridden by a two-thirds vote of each house of Congress.
A veto that is affected when Congress adjourns during the time a president has to approve a bill and the president takes mo action on it.
A roll-call vote in the Senate in which at least 50% of the members of one party take a particular position and are opposed by at least 50% of the member of the other party. These are less common today than they were in the 19th century.
Votes in which each legislator's yes or no vote is recorded.
A communications network in each house of Congress. Whips poll the membership to learn their intentions on specific legislative issues and assist the majority and minority leaders in various tasks.
A legislative practice wherein reciprocal agreements, usually in voting for or against a bill. In contrast to bargaining, logrolling unites parties that have nothing in common but their desire to exchange support.
The effort by congress through hearings, investigations to exercise control over the activities of executive agencies.
An agreement between the president and another country that has the same force as a treaty but does not require the Senate's "advice and consent."
Charging a government official (president or other) with "treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors." and bringing him before Congress to determine guilt.
The tendency of Congress to spread the benefits of a policy over a wide range of members' districts.
The powers enumerated in the Constitution that are granted to the federal government.
Constitutional powers assigned to one governmental agency but exercised by another agency with the express permission of the first.
Powers claimed by the president that are not expressed in that constitution but are inferred from it.
Commander in Chief
The power of the president as the commander of the national military and the state national guard units.
The claim that confidential communications between a president and the president's close advisors should not be revealed without the consent of the president.
The power of the executive to veto specific provisions (lines) of a bill passed by the legislation.
War Powers Resolution
A resolution of Congress declaring that the president can send troops into action abroad only by authorization of Congress or if U.S. troops are already under attack or seriously threatened.
The president's inherent power to bring a legislative agenda before Congress.
A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect and status of legislation.
The secretaries, or chief administrators of the major departments of the federal government. Cabinet secretaries are appointed by the president with the consent of the Senate.
Nation Security Counsel
A presidential foreign advisory council comprised of the president, vice president the secretaries of State, Defense, and the Treasury, the attorney general and other officials invited by the president.
The Office of Management and Budget function of reviewing all agency regulations and other rule making before they become official policy.
An announcement made by the president when a bill becomes law.
Sets found in the same folder
American Government Power and Purpose Ch. 3
American Government: Power and Purpose Chapter 5-7
American Government Power and Purpose Ch. 3
American Government Power and Purpose Ch. 4
Sets with similar terms
US Politics Final
American Government Exam II
POLS-Y 103 Exam 3
test 1 american politics
Other sets by this creator
1980s and 1990s
1950s, 1960s, and 1970s
Other Quizlet sets
psychology chapters 3,4,5
Econ 1 Ch. 2 + Lecture 2-4
Hist and Philosophy of Sports