Reform Movements

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Abolitionist
A person who strongly favors doing away with slavery
disenfranchised
deprived of a right or priveledge
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A member of the women's right's movement in 1840. She was a mother of seven, and she shocked other feminists by advocating suffrage for women at the first Women's Right's Convention in Seneca, New York 1848. She read a "Declaration of Sentiments" which declared "all men and women are created equal."
Fredrick Douglass
American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer. He published the autobiography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, the most successful best-seller of the mid 1800s that explored the injustice of slavery; Abraham Lincoln met her during the Civil War
Horace Mann
A leader of educational reform, he became the head of the Massachusetts Board Of Education in 1837; he lengthened the school year to six months, doubled teachers' salaries, and improved curriculum and teacher training
Harriet Tubman
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
Lucretia Mott
Was a Quaker, helped fugitive enslaved workers and organized the Philadelphia Female Anti- Slavery Society. Met Elizabeth Cady Stanton at the world antislavery convention in London.
Seneca Falls Convention
A women's right convention organized in 1848 by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, two female abolitionists, in New York; they advocated women's right to vote and the right to enter all-male trades, professions, and businesses
Soujourner Truth
From her home in New York she waged a constant battle for the abolition of slavery. Former slave, also a prominent figure in the fight for women's rights.
Suffrage
The right to vote. The most controversial issue at the Seneca Fall Convention.
Susan B. Anthony
A leader in the struggle for women's rights, she advocated equal pay for women, college training for girls, coeducation, and women's right to vote
Temperance movement
A crusade that used lectures, pamphlets, and revival-style rallies to warn people of dangers of alcohol
Underground Railroad
a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom
William Lloyd Garrison
One of the first white abolitionists to call for the immediate and complete emancipation of enslaved people, he started the New England Antislavery Society in 1832 and the American Antislavery Society the next year
three basic principles of education state agreed on in the 1850s
1. Schools free, funded by taxes 2. Teachers should trained. 3. Children required to attend.
Temperance
End/limit consumption of alcohol in US
Education Reform
Education Reform Create free "common schools" that would educate ALL children
Women's Rights
Fought for women's suffrage and equal rights
Prison Reform
Wanted separate systems for children, adults and the mentally ill
Second Great Awakening
a religious revival that started in the early 19th century and ended in the mid 1800s. It will inspire social reforms and a change in music, art, and literature.
Workers Unions
An organization of workers formed for the purpose of serving their collective interest with respect to wages and working conditions
Dorthea Dix
advocated for Asylum reform
Child Labor
was common for centuries on farms, when manufacturing and the industrial revolution came about poor children went to work in these factories. They were cheap labor.
Emancipation
free the slaves
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