The four categories of Native Americans: Native Americans of the Southwest, Native Americans of the Woodlands, Native Americans of the West, Native Americans of the Plains
Terms in this set (48)
Hopi apartment-style homes. Comes from Spanish word meaning "villages"
A mountain or hill with a flat top and steep sides
A type of clay used to protect houses from the desert's extreme heat and cold
A round structure used for religious ceremonies
spirits in the Hopi religion who can visit Hopi villlages for half of every year and are believed to bring rain and help crops grow. Also show people how to live and behave.
Dome shaped dwellings made withlog or stick frames that covered with mud or sod. Traditionally have 6-8 sides and face east.
This is a way of growing crops in places where there is little water.
Introduced sheep, goats, cattle, and horses into the Southwest region.
3 ways life changed for Navajo
After the Spanish arrived they began to herd sheep and cattle, many moved to northern Arizona and they began to ride horses
A Native American tribe in the southwest who were farmers, lived in pueblos, and were excellent builders and potters. Descendants of the Anasazi.
A Native American tribe in the southwest who were hunters and gatherers. Another name for them is Dine meaning "the people" and related to the Apache. Lived in hogans.
One of the languages spoken by Native Americans of the Eastern Woodlands
Another language spoken by the Native Americans of the Eatern Woodlands.
A Native American tribe of the Eastern Woodlands who lived in the North and moved from place to place to hunt. Also gathered fruits, nuts, and berries and wore clothes made from deerskin.
A Native American tribe of the Eastern Woodlands who lived in the south, mostly farmed, and wore clothes made from plant fibers. Descendants of the Mound Builders
Homes built by many woodlands people and made with bent sapling frames. Covered with cattail mats or elm bark.
Iroquoian home which is a long buildings made of poles covered with sheets of bark. Each one held several families.
A group of families who share the same ancestor.
An Iroquoian leader who helped convince the Hodenosaunee to form the Iroquois Confederacy.
Another Iroquoian leader who helped convince the Hodenosaunee to form the Iroquois Confederacy. Also one of history's great peacemakers.
A fair government system for the five tribes of the Hodenosaunee which would settle all arguments among themselves.
The settling of a dispute by each side agreeing to give up something.
Something that makes something else happen.
The event that happens as a result of a cause.
A flat or rolling land covered mostly with grass.
Homes made of logs covered with grasses, sticks, and soil.
A sled-like device that was used for carrying people and belongings
Used to show courage by touching an enemy without killing him.
Cone-shaped tents made by leaning long poles together, tying them at the top, then covering them with animal skins.
Why Hopis cared for their crops so carefully
They needed enough crops to last two years in case there was a dry year.
What the Navajo learned from the Hopi
farming, weaving, jewelry-making techniques
The Four Corners
The place where the four corners of the states of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona meet and where the Navajo and Hopi lived.
How horses changed Navajo life
They began to heard sheep and cattle, transportation much quicker.
How people of the Eastern Woodlands used their environment.
Used trees to build houses and canoes, farmed, fished, hunted, and ate wild plants.
Why Hiawatha was a good leader
He got 5 warring tribes to agree to a new system of government and created laws everyone lived by.
Qualities admired by the Lakota
courage, fortitude, wisdom, and generosity
How art reflected the way of the Plains' people
They created stories, songs and dances about the buffalo because it was such an important part of their lives.
How all parts of the buffalo were used
meat for food, hide for shelter and clothing, horns for spoons and cups, bones for tools and weapons, tail for fly brush and whips
Tribe of the Great Plains
Lived in the Great Basin east of California
Farmers in southern California.
Chinook, Tsimshian, and Tlingit tribes
Tribes of the Northwest Coast.
How Northwest Coast tribes lived without farming
They got almost everything they needed from the sea. Also, berries, roots, and other plants grew in the wet climate and the forest had beaver, bears, deers, and elk.
The design and use of tools, ideas, and methods to solve problems.
Special feasts at which the guests, not the hosts, receive gifts.
Often placed in front of the community house to decorate and mark as a place of celebration or meeting. Designs carved into it are symbols or tell stories.
How arrival of Europeans affected Tlingit life
Many lost traditional ways, some Northwest Coast peoples were forced to move away from the ocean on which they relied.