40 terms

SCTD Design History II Exam 2

This set is a comprehensive study guide for the second exam in the Sullivan College of Technology and Design's Design History II class and covers material/motifs from the English Regency through the Victorian Renaissance revival.
What is a 'regency' or a regent?
One who rules in the place of/interest of an underaged or incapacitated monarch.
Royal Pavillion at Brighton
Remodeled for George, Prince of Wales in the English Regency style.
Means an architectural design style that is meant to create a sense of fantasy and inspiration.
publication of 1762 by Stuart and Revett
"Antiquities of Athens"
important substitute for stucco 1814
portland cement
English Regency period rooms
treated as individual units with own design, seperate from cohesive interior style.
room of the home that gains primary importance during the Regency period
"Persian" or "Turkish" rugs used how?
As table coverings (Too expensive to put on floor)
Brass/bronze used on furniture
As cast paw feet or metal ribbon inlays
American Greek Revival meant to express what ideas/concepts/identities?
democracy, national culture, civic virtue and morality
what is a "temple house"
An American Federal (usually) building to which a portico with a pediment has been added.
American Empire furniture based on what style(s)
French Empire, English Regency
bead and reel
Greek key (fret)
Preferred Greek order in the United States
What issues designers/architects run into when attempting to design Greek revival interiors?
few to no surviving ancient Greek interiors and no windows, textiles or modern interior equivelents
American Empire furniture is sometimes called
Style Antique
American Empire style, created by Duncan Phyfe
Pillar and Scroll
French Polish
a high-gloss, lacquer-based finish made popular in late American Empire
What type of pull became popular after a patent was granted for them/it in 1825?
pressed Glass knobs
Gothic Revival seen as superior style to Classical why?
It was viewed as Christian (Classical=Pagan)
Gothic design is less popular in the United States than in England, why?
No history of Medieval Gothic architecture in the U.S.
vernacular style of Gothic Revial in U.S. (mainly in wood) based on work Alexander Davis and Andrew Downing
Carpenter's Gothic
During the Gothic Revival (Victorian) interiors and exteriors do what?
match each other in style
critics like Pugin and Burges criticize veneers because
they are "dishonest"
Italianate buildings
brackets at roof line, round arched windows/doors,
asymmetric towers, bay windows, balconies, Italian/Roman motifs
Renaissance Revival buildings
block-like shape, pediments and/or lintels on windows, few to no details, no porches, no balconies no columns etc.
"NEW" / "different" design motifs for era
fruit, game animals, roundels, pendants
During the Renaissance revival/Italianate, commercial building facades made from (allows masonry walls to be much thinner)
cast iron
Renaissance Revival
Victorian Hall Stand