Intro to Small Animal Mgmt - Cats

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Scientific Name
Felis catus
DSH
Domestic Short Hair (In Allman Lab)
DMH
Domestic Medium Hair
DLH
Domestic Long Hair
Cats
Many Different Breeds
Recent Evidence
Recent evidence suggest all came from 6 African fields 8,000 years ago
Mutt-Variety
Ally-cat
If Cats are used in the lab
They must be bred specifically for scientific research
Why Cats aren't used as often in labs anymore
Since many cats are pets, many view the similar treatment of cats as lab mice as morally wrong
Cats are the primary model for this disease
HIV
Cats are covered by the
AWA/USDA
Caging
Gang v.s. front opening
Stainless Steel
Platform
Bedding
Litter Box
Diet
Dry Kibble/Chow
Canned/Wet
Measured amounts twice a day
Water
Bowls
Behavior
Lab Cats are social, and Cats are usually gang-housed (caged together) in the lab for this particular reason
Reproduction
Induced Ovulators
Polyestrous
Seasonal breeders (They prefer to give birth during the Spring, so they conceive during the Winter usually even though they are polyestrous)
Male
Tom
Female
Queen
Young
Kitten
Born with hair but ears aren't formed and eyes aren't open; semi-altricial
Cat Viral Diseases
Panleukopenia/feline distemper
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis/FVR
Feline calicivirus/FCV
Feline Leukemia Virus/FeLV
Feline Infectious Peritonitis/FIP
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus/FIV
Rabies
Panleukopenia/feline distemper
Causes enteritis (inflammation of GI tract); fatal in kittens;typically will die of dehydration due to lack of care
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis/FVR
Major URI; discharge from nose and eyes, congestion in eyes; causes severe conjunctivitis
Feline Calicivirus/FCV
Major URI; discharge from nose and eyes, congestion in eyes; causes severe conjunctivitis
A single Mandatory Vaccine Against
feline distemper/Feline Viral Rhinotracheaitis/Feline Calicivirus
Patient is given a series of three injections at least one month a part in kittens, then once older at least once a year but found that the vaccine last longer than a year and it seems to cause cancer in cats (tumors in scruff at SQ injection site) so now they are vaccinated in he lower part of their hind leg so if they get sarcoma, the leg can be amputated ; they now either do it every 2 or 3 years or blood is sent to the lab and the number of antibodies against the viruses is counted to see if they need the vaccine
Feline Leukemia Virus/FeLV
Vaccine only available at request of owns, highly contagious between cats by salvia, bites, litter boxes and in utero, can blood test to see if they have the virus ;given to cats in research to study HIV, cancers and blood disorders since the virus depletes their immune system; they can have a long life though they should stay away from other cats and just like HIV they usually die from another disease
Feline Infectious Peritonitis/FIP
Lethargic; pot-bellied abdomen from fluid; best test was to stick a needle in the liquid and see if they fluid as 'sticky'; there is now a blood test as well; wet and dry form; Laskow's 'Peter" developed these signs and died from FIP;Found a lot in cateries; crazy cat breeder cat bred poor quality Bangles with FIP against veterinary advice
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus/FIV
Induced in a research cat to study HIV; acts like feline leukemia; compromises immune system; optional test as well but wait until kitten is at least 6 months of age since they cat may have internal antibodies that can give a false positive; vaccine is optional
Rabies
The vaccine is good for three years but it is given every 2 years to ensure the cat is safe; Zoonotic
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