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a group of two or more lines that form a unit in a poem

Sound devices

ways of using words for the sound qualities they create


the repetition of sounds at the ends of words


the beat you hear as you read a poem aloud


the use of a word, phrase, sound, or line more than once


the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

figurative language

the use of creative comparisons to describe familiar things in new ways


a comparison between two unlike things that includes the word like or as


a description of an object, an animal, or an idea as if it were human


a comparison between two unlike things that does not include the word like or as


the use of words whose sounds echo their meanings, such as buzz


Words or phrases that appeal to the 5 senses


A form of Japanese poetry in which 17 syllables are arranged in three lines of 5,7,and 5 syllables.


A rhymed pair of lines

Rhyme Scheme

Pattern of end rhymes in a poem


An expression that has a meaning different from the meaning of its individual words.


The attitude the writer has towards his work

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