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22 terms

Falk's Greece and Rome vocab

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Aqueduct
In ancient Rome, bridge like stone structures that carried water from the hills to the cities
Civil law
Body of law dealing with private citizens
Colosseum
Rome's largest stadium featuring shows of animals, gladiators and architectural marvel
Consul
Roman official from the Patrician class who supervised the government and commanded the armies
Dictator
Roman leader appointed to rule for 6 months in times of emergency
Legion
basic unit of the Roman army - about 5000 soldiers
Patrician
member of the landholding upperclass in Rome
Pax Romana
200 year span when Roman rule brought peace, order, unity and prosperity to the empire
Plebian
member of the lower class of Rome, including farmers, merchants, artists and traders
Republic
system of government in which people choose officials
Tribune
offical in Rome who was elected by the plebians to protect their interests
Twelve Tables
Roman laws inscribed on 12 tablets and set-up in the Forum, or marketplace
Acropolis
Hilltop fortress of an ancient Greek city-state
Aristocracy
In Greek city-states, government headed by a priviliged minority of the upper class
Democracy
government in which people hold the ruling power
Direct Democracy
system of government in which citizens participate directly rather than through elected representatives
Hellenistic
A cultural blend of Greek, Persian, Egyptian and Indian cultures
Monarchy
government in which king or queen holds power
Oligarchy
government in which power belongs to a few people
Parthenon
famous Greek temple on the Acropolis of Athens
Polis
city-state in ancient Greece
Socratic method
questioning process aimed at seeking the truth