25 terms

Unit 6 Hot Terms for Europe

STUDY
PLAY
Anti-Semitism
hostility to or prejudice against Jews
Aqueduct
an artificial channel for conveying water, typically in the form of a bridge supported by tall columns across a valley
Balkanization
divide (a region or body) into smaller mutually hostile states or groups
Berlin Wall
a barrier that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989
City-State
a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state
Crusades
a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries
Cultural Crossroads
A place where various cultures cross paths
Ethnic Cleansing
the mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted ethnic or religious group in a society
Euro
the single European currency, which replaced the national currencies of France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Greece, Portugal, Luxembourg, Austria, Finland, the Republic of Ireland, Belgium, and the Netherlands in 2002
Fjord
a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs, as in Norway and Iceland, typically formed by submergence of a glaciated valley
Folk Art
encompasses art produced from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople.
Market Economy
an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are based on market determined supply and demand, and prices of goods and services are determined in a free price system
Massif Central
an elevated region in the middle of southern France, consisting of mountains and plateaus
Meseta
Spanish for "plateau"
Nationalism
patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.
North Atlantic Drift
a powerful warm ocean current that continues the Gulf Stream northeast
Parliament
(in the UK) the highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons
Peat
a brown, soil-like material characteristic of boggy, acid ground, consisting of partly decomposed vegetable matter. It is widely cut and dried for use in gardening and as fue
Polder
a piece of low-lying land reclaimed from the sea or a river and protected by dikes, especially in the Netherlands
Reformation
a 16th-century movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Catholic Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches
Renaissance
The humanistic revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning that originated in Italy in the 14th century and later spread throughout Europe
Republic
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch
Satellite Nations
nations that were aligned with, but also under the influence and pressure of, the Soviet Union
Seaworks
Structures that are used to protect destructive impact on human life
Uplands
an area of high or hilly land