26 terms

Crrn test 12/12

Neuro
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Frontal lobe injury s/s
emotional lability, difficulty with executive functions, personality changes, difficulty initializing voluntary movements, Broca's aphasia.
Broca's aphasia
Nonfluent but understandable speech.
Parietal lobe injury s/s
Difficulty with: right and left discrimination, spatial orientation, body-image perception.
Occipital lobe injury s/s
Difficulty interpreting visual clues or stimuli
Temporal lobe injury s/s
loss of smell, hearing difficulties, loss of taste, memory deficits, Wernicke's syndrome
Limbic system injury s/s
hyperarousal, disinhibited behaviors
Basal ganglion injury s/s
dyskinesias, muscle tone alteration; tremors, athetosis, chorea
Athetosis
involuntary convoluted, writhing movements of the fingers, arms, legs, and neck.
chorea
involuntary jerky, spasmodic movements of the body
Wernicke's Syndrome
Fluent speech that does not make sense.
Thalamus syndrome
A vascular disorder causing disturbances of sensation and partial or complete paralysis of one side of the body. also characterized by nonspecific, spontaneous intolerable pain that cannot be relieved pharmaceutically
Thalamus lesions
associated with sensory loss
ADH (antidiuretic hormone) is produced by....
the hypothalamus
SIADH (syndrome of antidiuretic hormone) may be produced by
Trauma to hypothalamus
siadh
Excess of water and decrease in sodium
Substantial nigra (mid brain)
Area impaired in Parkinson's patients
Red nucleus (mid brain)
Associated with flexor rigidity
Mid brain injury
associated with decorticate posturing
Pons apneustic center
initiates respiration
Pons pneumotaxic center
inhibits respirations
Pons injury s/s
abnormal breathing pattern
Central neurogenic hyperventilation
sustained, regular, rapid, deep breaths
Apneustic breathing
sustained, cramp like inspiratory efforts with a pause at the end.
Occulocephlic reflex
Dolls eyes: eyes move in sync with head signifies Pontine involvement
Occulovestibular reflex
(caloric test) Water places in ear canal, eyes DO NOT deviate to stimulated side in pontine lesion
Pontine lesions s/s
No movement except for eyelids. conscious, sensation, cognition intact.