Difficulty with: right and left discrimination, spatial orientation, body-image perception.
Occipital lobe injury s/s
Difficulty interpreting visual clues or stimuli
Temporal lobe injury s/s
loss of smell, hearing difficulties, loss of taste, memory deficits, Wernicke's syndrome
Limbic system injury s/s
hyperarousal, disinhibited behaviors
Basal ganglion injury s/s
dyskinesias, muscle tone alteration; tremors, athetosis, chorea
involuntary convoluted, writhing movements of the fingers, arms, legs, and neck.
involuntary jerky, spasmodic movements of the body
Fluent speech that does not make sense.
A vascular disorder causing disturbances of sensation and partial or complete paralysis of one side of the body. also characterized by nonspecific, spontaneous intolerable pain that cannot be relieved pharmaceutically
associated with sensory loss
ADH (antidiuretic hormone) is produced by....
SIADH (syndrome of antidiuretic hormone) may be produced by
Trauma to hypothalamus
Excess of water and decrease in sodium
Substantial nigra (mid brain)
Area impaired in Parkinson's patients
Red nucleus (mid brain)
Associated with flexor rigidity
Mid brain injury
associated with decorticate posturing
Pons apneustic center
Pons pneumotaxic center
Pons injury s/s
abnormal breathing pattern
Central neurogenic hyperventilation
sustained, regular, rapid, deep breaths
sustained, cramp like inspiratory efforts with a pause at the end.
Dolls eyes: eyes move in sync with head signifies Pontine involvement
(caloric test) Water places in ear canal, eyes DO NOT deviate to stimulated side in pontine lesion
Pontine lesions s/s
No movement except for eyelids. conscious, sensation, cognition intact.