Cambridge English Proficiency, Unit 05
Terms in this set (129)
(2 ⇒ ■ to glance through a report;
3 ⇒ ■ the sun glanced on the water;)
(1) (intransitive) to look hastily or briefly;
(2) (intransitive; followed by over, through, etc) to look over briefly; (e.g. to take a quick glance at something)
(3) (intransitive) to reflect, glint, or gleam;
(4) a hasty or brief look; peep;
(5) a flash or glint of light; gleam
a peek (piːk)
a brief, quick or furtive glance
done quickly and secretly to avoid being noticed
(e.g. a furtive glance)
1) to look at something quickly, especially secretly or from behind something (e.g. peek at/through/into/over: He peeked into the room.)
2) to appear slightly from behind or under something
(e.g. peek from: Strands of red hair peeked from under her hat.
peek out: The sun peeked out from behind the clouds.)
to take a peek at something
to take a brief glance
to sneak a peek
to secretly manage to take a peek
(1 ⇒ ■ to catch a glimpse of the sea;
2 ⇒ ■ he had a glimpse of what the lecturer meant)
(1) a brief or incomplete view; (often because the object is moving)
(2) a vague indication;
(3) (transitive) "to catch sight of" briefly or momentarily;
(4) to look (at) briefly or cursorily; glance (at)
1 to look at someone or something in a very angry way
(glare at: They glared at each other across the table.)
2 to shine with a very strong light that makes you feel uncomfortable
The sun glared down, dazzling them.
1 [COUNTABLE] an angry look
(She gave me a furious glare.)
2 [SINGULAR/UNCOUNTABLE] an unpleasant bright light that makes you feel uncomfortable
(You can put a filter in front of your computer screen to reduce glare.
the glare of the midday sun)
(the sun peeped through the clouds)
(1) to look furtively or secretly, as through a small aperture or from a hidden place; (e.g. She tried to peep through the gates to see the garden.)
(2) to appear partially or briefly; (e.g. His head peeped out from under the blanket.)
(3) a quick or furtive look; (noun "a peep")
(4) the first appearance
to look at someone or something for a long time, for example because they are attractive or interesting, or because you are thinking of something else
- gaze at/into/toward/upon/up at: We gazed in wonder at the scene before us.
He lay on the bed gazing up at the ceiling.
They gazed into each other's eyes.
someone's way of looking at someone or something
As he spoke, his gaze remained fixed on the letter in his hand.
Under his accusing gaze we both blushed.
- hold someone's gaze (=continue looking at someone who is looking at you): She looked away, unable to hold my gaze.
- meet someone's gaze (=look directly at someone who is looking at you): I tried to catch his eye, but he refused to meet my gaze.
to drop one's gaze
to look down
cast a glance at something
to look quickly
(ɪnˈhɪərənt ; -ˈhɛr-)
(There is always an inherent risk in adopting new practices)
an inherent quality is a basic or essential feature that gives something its character
(e.g. The design of the building had inherent weaknesses.)
What are the long-term risks and dangers inherent in this kind of work?)
an inherent quality is a basic or essential feature that gives something its character
to fall silent
to become silent
to tie an animal or object to something so that it will stay in a particular area
a very large metal bar used for making the frame of a building, bridge, or other large structure
averse (to) (əˈvɜːs)
be averse to something:
to dislike or not enjoy something
I've never met someone who was completely and utterly averse to Italian food.
She wasn't averse to criticizing members of her own party.
likely or certain to happen very soon
Many species of animal are in imminent danger of extinction.
an impending event or situation, especially an unpleasant one, is one that will happen very soon
(e.g. He was unaware of the impending disaster.
the impending elections)
1) if you exude a particular quality, people notice easily that you have a lot of it (e.g. Carlos exudes enthusiasm.)
2) if a smell or liquid exudes from something, or if something exudes a smell or liquid, it comes out of it slowly
1 not definite, or not certain
a tentative agreement/deal
2 not confident
a tentative look/smile
refusing to obey a person or rule
He was in a defiant mood.
Mr Lally remains defiant, insisting that he will not give in.
(⇒ ■ a fleeting glimpse of the sea)
continuing for only a very short time
He made only a fleeting reference to his resignation.
fleeting glimpse: She caught a fleeting glimpse of him as he rounded the corner.
fleeting moment: For a fleeting moment she felt almost envious.
done or made secretly, so that others will not notice
(e.g. a surreptitious glance)
unflinching (ʌnˈflɪntʃɪŋ )
not changing or stopping, despite difficulties
Lisa looked back at him unflinchingly.
not frightened of or not trying to avoid something dangerous or unpleasant:
It is a brave and unflinching account of prison life.
showing a calm and firm attitude
He had a look of steely determination in his eyes.
The steely tone in his voice told her that he was furious.
a steely look/stare.
up to this point
a fixed expression; here, point means: moment
break a fall
a fixed expression meaning: to suddenly stop somebody or something falling
something that is daunting makes you worried because you think that it will be very difficult or dangerous to do
(e.g. a daunting task/challenge/prospect: We are left with the daunting task of cleaning up this mess.)
a task which shows a lack of care about danger and the possible results
of your actions
a small lake from which water flows to turn a millwheel
not thinking about the possible bad effects of your actions
(e.g. She showed a reckless disregard for her own safety.)
fear of spiders
fear of new technology
fear of being in public places
a morbid fear of heights
(ˌklɔːstrəˈfəʊbɪə ; ˌklɒs-)
fear of being in a small confined space
fear of water
1 [TRANSITIVE] to let liquid flow away from something
When the pasta is cooked, drain it and serve immediately.
All water tanks and pipes should be drained.
drain something from something: Drain all the syrup from the tins.
[INTRANSITIVE] if liquid drains from something, it flows away
drain away/off: Put the steaks on a rack to let the fat drain off.
Rainwater causes flooding when it can't drain away.
2 [TRANSITIVE] to get rid of the water in an area of land so that it can be used for farming or building on
The marshes have now been completely drained.
3 [TRANSITIVE] to drink all the liquid in a container
They all rose and drained their glasses.
5 [INTRANSITIVE] if the blood or colour drains from someone's face, their face quickly becomes very pale, for example because they are shocked
6 [INTRANSITIVE] if a feeling drains from you, it goes away so that you do not feel it any more
7 [TRANSITIVE] to use so much of something such as money or supplies that there is not enough available for other things
Fighting legal battles is draining the company's resources.
stop talking or making a noise
drop my gaze
down for a long time
flushed with excitement
to be very excited
(балка; steel girder — стальная балка)
a very large metal bar used for making the frame of a building, bridge, or other large structure
(1) a restricting rope, chain, etc, by which an animal is tied to a particular spot;
(2) the range of one's endurance, etc
a long bar that you can hold on to for support, for example at the side of stairs
(The committee is singularly impressed at the originality of your research.)
in a noticeable way
the outside top part of a ship that you can walk on
1) giving you feelings of sadness
(e.g. The roadside crosses are a poignant reminder of fatal accidents / a poignant film)
Cloud-to-ground lightning bolt
cloud-to-ground discharge, cloud to ground strike
a device that protects electrical equipment, such as an aerial, from an excessive voltage resulting from a lightning discharge or other accidental electric surge, by discharging it to earth
not deliberately, and without realizing what you are doing
the pipes, fixtures, etc, used in a water, drainage, or gas installation
(hurtle towards / along / down/ forward: A hunk of space debris is hurtling towards the Earth. He hurtled down the mountainside.)
to move very quickly, especially in an uncontrolled way
hurricane (ˈhʌrɪkən ; -keɪn)
a severe, often destructive storm, esp a tropical cyclone
tornado (tɔːˈneɪdəʊ )
twister a violent storm with winds whirling around a small area of extremely low pressure, usually characterized by a dark funnel-shaped cloud causing damage along its path
1 a tube that is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, used for pouring liquid or powder into a container
2 a tube that lets out smoke and steam from the engine of a boat or old-fashioned train
drought (draʊt )
prolonged period of scanty rainfall
flood (flʌd )
the inundation of land that is normally dry through the overflowing of a body of water, esp a river
a fire that starts in an area of countryside and spreads very quickly
(1 At this stage your offer is now a firm sale and the house is nearly yours!
2 No returns will be accepted for items supplied on firm sale.)
(1) a sale that has been agreed between a seller and buyer;
(2) a sale in which the buyer is not allowed to return the goods
an action taken in a civil court forcing the owners of a piece of real property to sell their property and to divide the profits. A forced sale is generally the result of a petition to partition action.
drastic (ˈdræstɪk )
a drastic action or change has a very big effect
The company will be taking drastic measures to reduce its debt.
vital (ˈvaɪtəl )
1 very important, necessary, or essential
play a vital role (in something): He played a vital role in setting up the organization.
vital to: Skilful employees are vital to the success of any company.
vital for: To be able to cope with change is vital for survival.
it is vital that: It is vital that schools teach students to use computer technology.
2 full of energy and life
He was young, vital, and handsome.
3 [ONLY BEFORE NOUN] necessary to keep you alive
vehement (ˈviːɪmənt )
(1) marked by intensity of feeling or conviction; emphatic;
(2) (of actions, gestures, etc) characterized by great energy, vigour, or force; furious
infinite (ˈɪnfɪnɪt )
having no limits or boundaries in time, space, extent, or magnitude
ludicrous (ˈluːdɪkrəs )
It is ludicrous to suggest that she was a government agent.
a ludicrous new regulation
apparently (əˈpærəntlɪ ; əˈpɛər-)
(sentence modifier) it appears that; as far as one knows; seemingly
ostensibly (ɒˈstɛnsɪblɪ )
(sentence modifier) apparently; seemingly
go for a spin
INFORMAL a short journey for pleasure in a car
go for a spin: We're going for a spin in Al's new car.
admittedly (ədˈmɪtɪdlɪ )
(⇒ ■ admittedly I am afraid)
(sentence modifier) willingly conceded
used for saying that something happens by chance
Coincidentally, she lives next door to my mother.
fortuitous (fɔːˈtjuːɪtəs )
happening by chance, especially in a way that is lucky or convenient
The timing of her departure was entirely fortuitous.
as far as I'm concerned
used when you are giving your opinion about something, especially when this may be different from other people's opinions
in a way that is easy to see or understand; evidently
a technique for very short-range forecasting that maps the current weather, then uses an estimate of its speed and direction of movement to forecast the weather a short period ahead — assuming the weather will move without significant changes.
1) to make someone more calm and more relaxed when they are feeling nervous, worried, or upset
(e.g. She was doing her best to soothe the crying baby.
The news wasn't enough to soothe the nerves of the high-street banks.)
2) to make something less sore or painful
(e.g. Use a moisturizer to soothe any dryness.)
done or doing something very carefully and slowly
(e.g. It is ludicrous to suggest that she was a government agent / a ludicrous regulation)
to buckle up
to fasten your seat belt in a car, plane etc
To catch a glimpse of something
To see something that is moving (generally out of your vision)
to make heavy weather of something
to make a situation or job more difficult than it really is
keep a weather eye on
to pay careful attention to a situation or person because something bad may happen
a valuable or special possession that has belonged to a family for many years (Erbstück)
1) to wake someone up
(He was fast asleep and could not be roused.)
2) to make someone become active, especially when they are tired, lazy, or unwilling to do something
(He roused the crowd to stand up and fight back.
rouse yourself: After a few more minutes in the sun, she roused herself and went in.)
3) to produce an emotion or feeling in someone
(Passions were roused and threatened to boil over into violence.)
unsuccessful, or useless
(a futile rescue attempt
It's futile trying to persuade him to change his mind.
The peace talks have proved futile.)
to put off
1) to make someone not want to do something, or to make someone not like someone or something
(Lack of parking space was putting potential customers off.
Robert's attitude towards women really puts me off.
put someone off someone/something: I put him off the idea of going shopping with me.
put someone off doing something: All this rain really puts you off going out after work.)
2) to delay doing something, especially because you do not want to do it
(I was trying to put off the moment when I would have to leave.
You can't put the decision off any longer.
put off doing something: He was glad to have an excuse to put off telling her the news.)
likely to cause difficulties or problems
(I was convinced that something was amiss.)
wrong, not suitable, or not as expected:
I could see by the look on their faces that something was amiss.
great physical or mental effort
(You can expect sore muscles after a lot of physical exertion.)
to say what will happen in the future
(No one could have foretold such a freak accident.)
a wide happy smile
(A beam of happiness spread over her face.)
1) if someone's eyes twinkle, they seem to shine because the person is happy or joking
(His brown eyes twinkled with amusement.)
2) if lights or stars twinkle, they become brighter then weaker in a way that is not steady or continuous
(We could see lights twinkling in the little town below.)
happy, excited, and full of energy
(an exuberant crowd)
showing happiness, excitement, and energy
exuberant designs by a local artist
to give your opponents what they want
By failing to condemn the march, she was appeasing left-wing elements in the party.
to say or do something in order to make someone feel less angry
the process of twisting your face or body into a shape that is not natural, or the positions into which they have been twisted
to be at the side of something or someone
(The president entered the room, flanked by his advisers.)
moving or acting quickly
(We went for a brisk walk.
The committee got off to a brisk start at its first meeting.)
speaking quickly and only saying what is necessary. This word is sometimes used for saying that someone seems unfriendly
(He nodded to me with a brisk 'Morning, Sir'.)
if business is brisk, a lot of things are being sold quickly
if it is brisk, the weather is fairly cold and a fairly strong wind is blowing
(a brisk wind)
a large room in a hospital with beds for people to stay in
(a surgical/geriatric/psychiatric ward
Jo is a staff nurse working on the maternity ward.
admit someone to a ward (=bring them into hospital to stay): When Julie was admitted to the ward she was still in a lot of pain.)
a small district that a city, town, or other area is divided into for local elections in the UK
1) if a bird, insect, or aircraft hovers, it keeps itself in the same position in the air
(An army helicopter hovered overhead.)
2) to stay somewhere because you are waiting to do something or because you cannot decide what to do
(The waiter was hovering by their table.
Her hand hovered over the phone for a couple of seconds.)
3) to be in a state or situation that may change at any time
(hover between: His girlfriend is hovering between life and death.)
4) to be at or near a particular level without changing much
(hover around/near: Their total world sales hover around the 50,000,000 mark.)
someone who is diligent works very hard and very carefully
1) to consist of two or more things
(be comprised of: The course is comprised of ten core modules.)
2) to form something
(People aged 65 and over now comprise nearly 20% of the population.)
the tendency to be easily affected or influenced by something
(the gene that controls susceptibility to nicotine addiction)
pleasant things you do or say about someone in order to persuade or influence them
a fat stomach, usually on a man
the middle part of the egg which is yellow
1) separate and different in a way that is clear
(They were classified into two distinct groups.
distinct from: The region's linguistic and cultural identity is quite distinct from that of the rest of the country.)
2) able to be clearly seen, heard, smelt, or tasted
(As dawn broke, the outline of a building became distinct against the sky.
There was a distinct smell of burning coming from downstairs.)
3) definite and obvious
(a distinct change of emphasis
I had the distinct impression that he did not like me.)
the beginning of the day, when it begins to get light
-I don't think he went to sleep until dawn.
-at dawn: They had decided to leave at dawn.
-dawn breaks (=starts): As dawn broke, queues of people began to form at all the border crossings.
-from dawn till dusk (=all day): He had worked from dawn till dusk without a break.
connected with your heart
(The cause of death was cardiac failure.)
the feeling of being unwilling to do something
in this/that regard
used for relating something that you have just said to something that you will be saying
(The university needs to cut costs but has not made any particular proposals in this regard.)
1) easy to see or understand
apparent to: It should be apparent to anyone that the letter was written by a child.
apparent from: The children's poor health was apparent from their physical appearance.
it becomes apparent that: It soon became apparent that the two women knew each other.
for no apparent reason: Emma suddenly blushed for no apparent reason.
all too apparent (=very obvious in a way that is unpleasant or worrying): The potential for loss of life was all too apparent.
2) an apparent quality, feeling, or situation seems to exist although it may not be real
His apparent lack of interest in her work always annoyed her.
Williams won the tournament with apparent ease.
a level playing-field
a situation that is fair for all the people involved
in the pouring rain
in a very heavy rain
it's pouring with rain
it's raining heavily
rain with drops that fall very forcefully
1) a thick cloud that forms close to the ground or to water and is difficult to see through. Fog is thicker than mist
thick/heavy/dense/freezing fog: Heavy fog forced drivers to slow down.
a patch of fog: There may be some patches of fog around dawn.
a blanket of fog (=fog that covers everything): a thick blanket of fog in the valley
fog lifts (=goes away): We'll leave when this fog has lifted.
very strong winds
winds that come from the west/south
a heat so extreme that you can hardly deal with it
1) to burn slowly, producing smoke but no flames
a smouldering fire/cigarette
2) to feel very strong emotions that you do not express in words, especially anger or sexual feelings
He gazed at her with smouldering eyes, wishing she wasn't married.
She was smouldering with rage as she explained how her son had been killed.
heat that feels like it is almost causing a fire
fierce weather is very strong or severe
(e.g. A fierce storm forced the crew to abandon the yacht. / fierce heat)
collocations with "storm"
violent storm, thunder storm, nasty storm
collocations with "temperatures"
sub-zero temperatures, mild temperatures, moderate temperatures, freezing temperatures, arctic temperatures
collocations with "cold"
biting cold, ice cold, freezing cold
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Business English Vocabulary
SAT Vocab List 2
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Sounds, smells, tastes, feelings and sights
Cambridge English Proficiency, Unit 11
Cambridge English Proficiency, Unit 12
Cambridge English Proficiency, Unit 10
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Cambridge English Proficiency, Unit 02
Cambridge English Proficiency, Unit 06
Cambridge English Proficiency, Unit 07
Cambridge English Proficiency, Unit 08