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4 Written questions

4 Multiple choice questions

  1. "Love and Beauty", goddess of love and beauty, rose up from the sea like a miracle (has no parents), beautiful as a flower, the land she stepped on immediately turned into a garden, has no skills other making men fall in love with her, women feared her because underneath her great beauty was a vain and mean-spirited person who caused endless misery, (legend: when Adonis; a handsome young man was killed; she begged Zeus to bring him back. Zeus compromised: Adonis spent half the year on Earth; during that time, the land was warm and spring-like. The other half of the year, Adonis spent in Hades; during that time, the land was cold and flowers died), son is Eros, Romans called her Venus

  2. "Women and Marriage", Zeus's wife, goddess of marriage, protects women during childbirth, tries to behave with dignity and goodness but is jealous of women who hit on Zeus (he once turned a woman into a cow in order to hide her from his wife), rides in a golden chariot, a peacock is her pet, Romans called her Juno

  3. "The Dead", ruler of the underworld, Hades was the land of the dead, dead souls were ferried across the River Styx, Hades was judge for sinners, god of wealth because of underground gold, his 3-headed dog Cerberus guarded the underworld, Romans called him Pluto

  4. "Mother Earth", goddess of growing things, watches over the planting and harvesting of grapes and grains, her symbol is a bundle of wheat, (legend: one day, the Earth opened up and Hades kidnapped her daughter to be his wife. Heartbroken, Demeter wandered the Earth looking for her daughter Persephone. In the meantime, no crops grew on Earth. Her brother Zeus forced a compromise: Two-thirds of the year, Persephone would live with her mother; during that time, crops would grow and the Earth would bloom. One-third of the year, she lived with Hades; during that season, the land would be barren). Romans called her Ceres

4 True/False questions

  1. Apollo
    "War", god of war, a hateful and violent warrior, loves war because he enjoys being cruel to people, often started wars between people, brutal in fights but lost wars through his own cowardice or stupidity, son of Zeus and Hera, his parents couldn't stand his ugly qualities, has four sons named Terror; Dread; Panic; and Fear, war-loving Spartans loved Ares, Spartans made human sacrifices (their prisoners of war) to Ares, Romans called him Mars


  2. Dionysus
    "Wine and Merrymaking", god of wine and wild merrymaking, rules the animals because he is a party animal, always wears grape leaves on his head and sometimes rides a tiger, he acts foolish and wild at his best, (when he drank too much wine), he was violent and unpredictable at his worst, began life young and handsome; but turned into an old, fat drunk, Athens built an open-air theatre to honor him; the most popular plays there were not tragedies not comedies, Romans called him Bacchus


  3. Athena
    "Warfare and Wisdom", warrior who loves peace, defends goodness and fights evil in the world, never loses, turns her enemies into stone, uses her magic shield to protect the innocent, created the olive tree which made the olive branch a symbol of peace. The owl, a symbol of wisdom, accompanied her everywhere, legend says she sprang full grown from the head of Zeus, Athena's people built the Parthenon (a temple) to honor her, the Romans called her Minerva


  4. Ares
    "The Pain of Love", god of love, small boy who never grew up, mischievous, (shoots arrows into peoples' hearts, making them THINK they were in love, uses one kind of arrow to infect the victim (male) with undying love; he then shot another arrow into his "sweetheart" to make her indifferent uncaring. The wounded, love-struck person would spend his life in pursuit of the indifferent one), known mainly by his Roman name, Cupid