Create an account
controlled nervousness that helps energize a speaker for his or her presentation
mental imaging in which a speaker vividly pictures himself or herself giving a successful presentation
focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence, and the differences between fact and opinion
frame of reference
the sum of a person's knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes; no two people can have exactly the same
anything that impedes the communication of a message; can be external or internal to listeners
the belief that one's own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures
involve weighing a potential course of action against a set of ethical standards or guidelines
stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as one's own
putting a speech together in a particular way to achieve a particular result with a particular audience
a method of speech organization in which the main points show a cause-effect relationship
a method of speech organization in which the first main point deals with the existence of a problem and the second main point presents a solution to the problem
a method of speech organization in which the main points divide the topic into logical and consistent subtopics
the materials used to support a speaker's ideas; examples, statistics, testimony
a word or phrase that connects the ideas of a speech and indicates the relationship between them
a word or phrase that indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving on to another
a statement in the body of the speech that lets the audience know what the speaker is going to discuss next
a statement in the body of the speech that summarizes the speaker's preceding point or points
the audience's perception of whether the speaker has the best interests of the audience in mind
a statement in the introduction of a speech that identifies the main points to be discussed in the body
a conclusion that generates emotional appeal by fading step by step to a dramatic final statement
a detailed outline developed during the process of speech preparation that includes the title, specific purpose, central idea, introduction, main points, subpoints, connectives, conclusion, and bibliography of a speech
the pattern of symbolization and indentation in a speech outline that shows the relationships among the speaker's ideas
directions in a speaking outline to help a speaker remember how he or she wants to deliver key parts of the speech
speech of presentation
a speech that presents someone a gift, an award, or some other form of public recognition
a speech that gives thanks for a gift, an award, or some other form of public recognition
a speech that pays tribute to a person, a group of people, an institution, or an idea
vibration of sound waves on the eardrums and the firing of electrochemical impulses in the brain
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together