42 terms

Chapter 36

World War 2 began with?
Japanese attacks on China
The height of Japanese atrocity in China was reached at the Rape of?
The Guomindang, during World War 2, was?
the resistance government of the Chinese versus Japan's invasion of China
The Tripartite Pact brought together?
Germany, Italy, and Japan
The Italian fascists used which was as an excuse to intervene and gain valuable military experience?
Spanish Civil War
The weakness of the League of Nations was revealed in its inability to take any substantial action in response to the Italian invasion of?
Adolf Hitler always spoke of the "November crime" which was the?
Signing of the 1918 armistice
In 1938, Germany sent troops into what country and forced its leaders to accept the Anschluss?
The high point of appeasement was?
The Munich Conference
In the wake of the Munich Conference, what leader proposed that the meeting had ensured "peace in our time"?
Neville Chamberlain
While the Russian-German Treaty of Nonagression was on the surface a nonaggression treaty, it had secret stipulations that spelled out?
The Division of eastern Europe
The European part of World War 2 began with the?
German Invasion of Poland
The German Blitzkrieg referred to?
A lightning war
After the fall of France in 1940, the only country left to fight Germany was?
In the Battle of Britain, the Germans hoped to defeat the English?
Almost solely through air attacks led by the Luftwaffe
Operation Barbarossa was the?
German plan for an invasion of the Soviet Union
Hitler's comment "You only have to kick in the door, and the whole rotten structure will come down" was a referance to which of the following powers?
The Soviet Union
By December 1914, the Soviets gained two new allies in their struggle to defeat the German invasion of their country; a sever winter and?
the United States
the Japanese goal in the bombing of Pearl Harbor was to?
Weaken the United States' Naval capacity
"Asia for Asians" was the slogan of the?
The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere was designed by?
The key to the Allied victories in Europe and Asia was?
Industrial capacity
The Normandy invasion?
Led to the end of German resistance in western Europe
The U.S. victory in the Pacific that turned the tide against the Japanese was?
The U.S. secret weapon in the pacific campaign was?
A code-breaking operation known as magic
In the Battle of Okinawa, the Japanese introduced?
Kamikaze pilots
During the battle of Okinawa?
Roughly 110,000 Okinawan civilians died refusing to surrender
The Japanese finally surrendered in August 1945?
After the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
At the Wannsee Conference?
The Nazis put in place the "Final Solution"
The largest of the Nazi death camps was?
"Comfort women" were?
Korean and Chinese women forced into prostitution by the Japanese
The mojority of the "comfort women" in World War 2 were from China and?
Japan, Germany, and Italy- known as the Axis powers- squared off against the Allied powers of France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, China, and the United States.
In 1933, Japan withdrew from the League of Nations after it condemned Japan for its conquest of Manchuria.
Benito Mussolini promised to bring glory to Italy through acquisition of territories; Ethiopia, Libya, Albania were acquired through conquest and annexation.
In March 1938, Hitler forced Anschluss with Austria, justifying the annexation as an attempt to reintegrate all Germans into a single homeland.
On 1 September 1939, the German military invaded Poland; the world was stunned with the German Blitzkrieg and sudden victory.
On 7 December 1941, Japanese pilots attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, with the hope of destroying American naval capacity in the Pacific, which would clear the way for conquest of southeast Asia for Japan.
German and Japanese war production matched that of the Allied powers during World War 2.
With the Soviets attacking from the east and with U.S. and British forces attacking Germany from the west, the Allies forced a conditional surrender of Germany on 8 May 1945.
The combination of the Soviet Union declaring war on Japan in August 1945 and the devastation caused by nuclear bombs persuaded Emperor Hirohito to surrender unconditionally on 15 September 1945.
Sometime during 1941, the Nazi leadership committed to the "final solution" of the Jewish question, a solution that entailed the attempted murder of ever Jew living in Europe.