Art History Exam 4


Terms in this set (...)

Characteristics of Netherlandish Renaissance paintings
-Some Classical influence,
but closer to International Gothic style
-Meticulous detail
and textures
-Symbolic meaning given to
everyday objects
The overarching theme of Jan Van Eyck's 'Arnolfini Portrait' that is communicated through a
variety of symbols
The three characteristics of Venetian Renaissance art
-Muted colors
-Oil on canvas
Compare and contrast the Venus paintings by Titian and his teacher Giorgione
The name of the long lasting convention in painting that started with Giorgione's 'Sleeping
-the reclining Venus
Be able to identify columns from the two Roman architectural orders
Composite- combines the volutes of the Ignio with the leaves of the Corinthian order

Tusan- like Doric, but without fluted shaft
Be familiar with the Counter-Reformation's guidelines for art
>Ethically Correct
>Emotion rather than Reason
>Biblical not Humanist
>Accurate in treatment of religious objects
The specific feature of Classical architecture that Palladio updated during the Mannerist period
(That's highlighted in the slideshow)
broken or double pediment
The characteristics of Mannerism
Mannerism rejected Renaissance

>Unnatural twisted poses
>Jarring Colors
>Elongated Exaggerated Bodies
>Juxtapositions of size and space
>Complex obscure erotic Iconography
>Asymmetrical Compositions
>Compressed and crowded
The term that describes the zigzag approach seen in human figures in Mannerist paintings
The Italian Renaissance artist who is credited with first implementing the contorted figures and
chaotic scenes found in Mannerism
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
The nature of Bosch's Garden of Earthly Delights (it's likely inspiration)
The Bible. Garden of Eden, Flood, Hell
The common characteristics of Pieter Bruegel the Elder's paintings
-use of landscape
-unrealistic ambition
-Biblical events set in
modern times
-Netherlandish Proverbs
-Busy, Lots of people
What was unique about Breugel's depictions of biblical events
-set in modern times and daily life
The term that describes paintings depicting scenes from ordinary, daily life
Genre Scene
The inconspicuous objects in Hans Holbein's 'The Ambassadors' that seem to give the painting
a hidden meaning
>The Skull from side
>Westminster Abbey Floor
>Jesus hidden behind curtain
The media that Albrecht Durer was known for aside from painting
Woodcut and Engraving
The painter who had job security in doing portraits of Henry VIII and his wives
Hans Holbein the Younger
The primary physical characteristic of Italian Baroque architecture (as exemplified on the
exterior of Borromini's St. Charles of the Four Fountains)
What Grunewald's Isenheim Altarpiece was used for
-depicting Christ with sores
The most influential Baroque painter (a real rough fellow)
The two developments we talked about that had an effect on art during the Baroque period
>Art Market Emerges
>Religious Art is banned in parts of Norther Europe
Which TWO​ types of portraits is Rembrandt known for painting?
>Self Portraits
>Group Portraits
And what is unique about Rembrandt's way of depicting said paintings (in regards to the
appearance of his subjects)?
-High detail
What Artemisia Gentileschi was known for depicting
Woman Power... beheading men
What tenebrism is
Extreme Contrast in light and dark
The mysterious element in Velazquez' Maids of Honor painting.
What is he painting?
Who is in the Mirror?
The female body type that Peter Paul Rubens is known for
Curvaceously Plump
The common traits of Vermeer's paintings, Girl with the Pearl Earring aside.
-Grid-like composition
What's unusual about the "Girl with the Pearl Earring"
>Gridlike Composition
>By window
What's notable about Maria van Oosterwyck's still life paintings.
-They represent that everything passes away and dies.
-memento mori